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TAF Prev Med Bull. 2010; 9(3): 233-238


Fluorosis as an Environmental Disease and its Effect on Human Health

Ercan Varol, Simge Varol.

Abstract
Fluoride is a halogene found in earth, water, rocks, air, plants and animal tissue in various amounts. In normal conditions, people daily take fluoride compounds in amounts without any harmful effects this cause fewer dental caries and the formation of stronger bones. However, if the amount of fluoride taken daily exceeds the safety threshold, chronic fluoride intoxication, known as fluorosis, arises. As a result of fluorosis, pathological changes appear in tooths, skeletal system, liver, kidney, heart, gastrointestinal system and endocrin system.

Key words: Fluorosis, Endemic Fluorosis, Human Health, Medical Geology



Çevresel bir Hastalık Olarak Florozis ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkisi

Özet
Flor; toprak, su, kaya, hava, bitki ve hayvansal dokularda değişik miktarlarda bulunan bir halojendir. Normal şartlar altında insanlar günlük olarak zararlı olmayacak miktarlarda florlu bileşikleri alırlar ve bu durum daha az diş çürüğü ve daha kuvvetli kemiklerin oluşmasına sebep olur. Ancak uzun süre günlük olarak alınan flor miktarı güvenlik eşiğini aşacak olursa florozis olarak bilinen kronik flor zehirlenmesi ortaya çıkar. Florozis sonucu dişlerde, iskelet sisteminde, karaciğer, böbrek, kalp, gastrointestinal sistem ve endokrin sistemde patolojik değişiklikler oluşmaktadır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Floroz, Endemik Floroz, İnsan Sağlığı, Tıbbi Jeoloji



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