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Original Research

IJCRR. 2013; 5(5): 111-116


EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN MICHIKA, ADAMAWA STATE, NORTH-EASTERN NIGERIA

Bigwan E.I., Kunihya R.Z., John T.J..

Abstract
Background: Schistosomiasis is one of the world’s most prevalent diseases of public health significant. Despite more than a century of control efforts and the discovery of praziquantel a highly effective antischistosomal drug, the eradication of the disease is still far from realization. Method: Four hundred (400) urine samples were collected randomly from the pupils who consented after obtaining some vital demographic data from them. The urine samples were processed using ordinary centrifugal sedimentation technique. The result obtained was tested using Chi-square. Results: Of 400 samples, 109 urine samples were positive for S.haematobium giving 27.23% urinary schistosomiasis. The result indicates that the age group 14-16 years had the highest prevalence. The infection rate was significantly high (p < 0.05) among males (37.6%) than females (14.5%). It was also higher (39.9%) among pupils whose source of drinking water is stream/pond, followed by those whose source is Well (15.5%) and the least was among pupils using borehole water (13.3%). The prevalence of schistosomiasis in relation to schools indicates a significant relationship (p < 0.05). Hausari Primary School had the highest prevalence (32.0%), followed by Kankila Primary School with 25.0% and Murva Primary School recorded the least with 20.0%. Conclusion: Lack of prompt diagnosis, inadequate knowledge on the causes of schistosomiasis, unsuitable water supply and exposure to water bodies may be the likely predisposing factors responsible for the high prevalence recorded in the study area.

Key words: Urinary schistosomiasis, Pupils, Michika, North-Eastern Nigeria.


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