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Journal of Behavioral Health
Periodical of GESDAV
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ISSN: 2146-8346 (Print)
Language: [ English ]  
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  » Volume 3, Issue 2
      pp. 81-144
  » Volume 3, Issue 1
      pp. 1-80


Open Access

Original Research

Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors

Marcello Spinella, Sara Martino, Christine Ferri.

There has been increasing interest in mindfulness-based treatments for psychological illnesses, including substance abuse. Mindfulness involves intentionally directing attention to experiences in the present moment and observing them with a nonjudgmental attitude. This study examined the relationship between mindfulness and various addictive behaviors (i.e. alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, sex addiction, and compulsive buying) in a community sample. A short but comprehensive composite measure of mindfulness was constructed from previous valid measures, which retained good reliability and a five-factor structure. Two higher-order factors emerged: Attentive Acceptance (Nonjudging, Acting with Awareness) and Descriptive Observation (Describe, Observe, Nonreactivity). Inverse correlations emerged between the nonjudgmental attitude and alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, and sexual addiction, independent of demographic influences. Compulsive buying related inversely to acting with awareness. The findings of this study support the use of mindfulness as a treatment for substance abuse and suggest the possible usefulness for the treatment of other addictive behaviors.

Key words: mindfulness, Composite Mindfulness Questionnaire, compulsive gambling, alcohol abuse, sexual addiction, compulsive buying

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

Web Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. [Access: July 29, 2014]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. (2013), [cited July 29, 2014]; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

Harvard Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

Turabian Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. 2013. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

Chicago Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2 (2013), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2.1 (2013), 1-7. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138

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