Journal Management System
 
Home  |   Add your Journal  |   Features  |   Job Opportunities  |   Journal List
Author Login | Reviewer Login | Editor Login
Search  

Journal of Behavioral Health
Periodical of
Journal Home Page
ISSN: 2146-8346 (Print)
Language: [ English ]  
News / Announcements

  » Volume 4, Issue 2
      pp. 33-62
  » Volume 4, Issue 1
      pp. 1-32

 

Open Access

Original Research



Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors

Marcello Spinella, Sara Martino, Christine Ferri.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
There has been increasing interest in mindfulness-based treatments for psychological illnesses, including substance abuse. Mindfulness involves intentionally directing attention to experiences in the present moment and observing them with a nonjudgmental attitude. This study examined the relationship between mindfulness and various addictive behaviors (i.e. alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, sex addiction, and compulsive buying) in a community sample. A short but comprehensive composite measure of mindfulness was constructed from previous valid measures, which retained good reliability and a five-factor structure. Two higher-order factors emerged: Attentive Acceptance (Nonjudging, Acting with Awareness) and Descriptive Observation (Describe, Observe, Nonreactivity). Inverse correlations emerged between the nonjudgmental attitude and alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, and sexual addiction, independent of demographic influences. Compulsive buying related inversely to acting with awareness. The findings of this study support the use of mindfulness as a treatment for substance abuse and suggest the possible usefulness for the treatment of other addictive behaviors.

Key words: mindfulness, Composite Mindfulness Questionnaire, compulsive gambling, alcohol abuse, sexual addiction, compulsive buying



REFERENCES
1. Kabat-Zinn, J. Full catastrophe living. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell; 1990. [Pubmed]   
2. Grossman, P, Niemann, L, Schmidt, S, & Walach, H. Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits. Ameta-analysis. J Psychosom Res. 1993; 55: 1-9.
3. Teasdale, JD, Segal, ZV, & Williams, J, & Mark, G. Prevention of relapse/recurrence in major depression by mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2000; 68(4): 615-623. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Witkiewitz, K, Marlatt, GA, & Walker, D. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for alcohol and substance use disorders. J Cognitive Psychotherapy. 2005; 19(3): 211-228. [DOI via Crossref]   
5. Carson, JW, Carson, KM, Gil, KM (2004). Mindfulness-based relationship enhancement. Behav Ther. 2004; 35(3): 471-494. [DOI via Crossref]   
6. Shapiro, SL, Carlson, LE, Astin, JA, & Freedman, B. Mechanisms of mindfulness. J Clin Psychol. 2006; 62(3): 373-86. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Kalivas, PW & Volkow, ND. The neural basis of addiction: a pathology of motivation and choice. Amer J Psychia. 2005; 162(8): 1403-13. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Cahn, BR & Polich, J. Meditation States and Traits: EEG, ERP, and Neuroimaging Studies. Psychol Bulletin. 2006; 132: 180-211. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
9. Lazar, SW, Bush, G, Gollub, R. Functional brain mapping of the relaxation response and meditation. Neuroreport. 2000; 11(7): 1581-1585. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Davidson, RJ, Kabat-Zinn, J, Schumacher, J, Rosenkranz, M, Muller, D, Santorelli, SF, Urbanowski, F, Harrington, A, Bonus, K, & Sheridan, JF. Alterations in brain and immune function produced by mindfulness meditation. Psychosom Med. 2003; 65(4): 564-570. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Lazar, SW, Kerr, CE, Wasserman, RH, Gray, JR, Greve, DN, Treadway, MT, McGarvey, M, Quinn, BT, Dusek, JA, Benson, H, Rauch, SL, Moore, CI, & Fischl, B. Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. Neuroreport. 2005; 16(17): 1893-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
12. Kjaer, TW, Bertelsen, C, Piccini, P, Brooks, D, Alving, J, & Lou, HC. Increased dopamine tone during meditation-induced change of consciousness. Brain Res Cog Brain Res. 2002; 13(2): 255-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
13. Goeders, NE. The impact of stress on addiction. European Neuropsychopharmacology. 2003; 13(6): 435-41. [DOI via Crossref]   
14. Coelho, R, Rangel, R, Ramos, E, Martins, A, Prata, J, & Barros, H. Depression and the severity of substance abuse. Psychopathology. 2000; 33(3): 103-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Franken, IH, & Hendriks, VM. Screening and diagnosis of anxiety and mood disorders in substance abuse patients. Amer Jrnl Addictions. 2001; 10(1): 30-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
16. Ramel, W, Goldin, PR, Carmona, PE & McQuaid, JR. The effects of mindfulness meditation on cognitive processes and affect in patients with past depression, Cog Ther and Res. 2004; 28: 433-455. [DOI via Crossref]   
17. Ma, SH & Teasdale, JD. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: Replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2004; 72: 31-40. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Kenny, MA & Williams, JMG. Treatment-resistant depressed patients show a good response to Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy. Behav Res Ther. 2007; 45(3): 617-625. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
19. Finucane, A, Mercer, SW. An exploratory mixed methods study of the acceptability and effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for patients with active depression and anxiety in primary care. BMC Psychiatry. 2006; 6:14. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
20. Bowen, S, Witkiewitz, K, Dillworth, TM, Chawla, N, Simpson, TL, Ostafin, BD, Larimer, ME, Blume, AW, Parks, GA, & Marlatt, GA. Mindfulness meditation and substance use in an incarcerated population. Psychol Addictive Behav. 2006; 20(3): 343-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
21. Bowen, S, Witkiewitz, K, Dillworth, TM, & Marlatt, GA. The role of thought suppression in the relationship between mindfulness meditation and alcohol use. Addictive Behav, in press. [PMC Free Fulltext]   
22. Leigh, J, Bowen, S, Marlatt, GA (2005). Spirituality, mindfulness, and substance abuse. Addictive Behav. 2005; 30(7): 1335-1341. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
23. Linehan, MM, Dimeff, LA, Reynolds, SK, Comtois, KA, Welch, SS, Heagerty, P, Kivlahan, DR. Dialectical behavior therapy versus comprehensive validation plus 12-step for the treatment of opioid dependent women meeting criteria for borderline personality disorder. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2002; 67(1): 13-26. [DOI via Crossref]   
24. Kristeller, JL. & Hallett, B. An exploratory study of a meditation-based intervention for Binge Eating Disorder, J Health Psychol. 1999; 4(3): 357-363. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
25. Brown, KW & Ryan, RM. The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. J Persona Social Psychol. 2003; 84: 822-848. [DOI via Crossref]   
26. Buchheld, N, Grossman, P, & Walach, H. Measuring mindful-ness in insight meditation (Vipassana) and meditation-based psycho-therapy: The development of the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory(FMI). J Med Res. 2001; 1: 11-34
27. Baer, RA, Smith, GT, & Allen, KB. Assessment of mindfulness by self-report: the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills. Assessment. 2004; 11(3): 191-206. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
28. Feldman, GC, Hayes, AM, Kumar, SM, & Greeson, JM. Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the Cognitiveand Affective Mindfulness Scale. Unpublished manuscript.
29. Chadwick,P, Hember,M, Mead, S, Lilley, B, & Dagnan, D. Responding mindfully to unpleasant thoughts and images: Reliability and validity of the Mindfulness Questionnaire. Unpublished manuscript.
30. Baer, RA, Smith, GT, Hopkins, J, Krietemeyer, J, Toney, L. Using self-report assessment methods to explore facets of mindfulness. Assessment. 2006; 13(1): 27-45. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
31. Saunders, JB, Aasland, OG, Amundsen, A and Grant, M. Alcohol consumption and related problems among primary health care patients: WHO Collaborative Project on Early Detection of Persons with Harmful Alcohol Consumption I. Addiction. 1993a; 88: 349-362, 1993. [DOI via Crossref]   
32. Saunders, JB, Aasland, OG, Babor, TF, de la Fuente, JR & Grant, M. Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption. II. Addiction. 1993b; 88: 791-804, 1993. [DOI via Crossref]   
33. Maisto, SA, Conigliaro, J, & McNeil, M. An empirical investigation of the factor structure of the AUDIT. Psychol Assessment. 2000; 12(3): 346-353. [DOI via Crossref]   
34. Ferris, J & Wynne, H. The Canadian Problem Gambling Index: User Manual. Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. http://www.ccsa.ca/NR/rdonlyres/4F76DA2F-8304-4E5E-8B02-187C0F8FA40B/0/ccsa0093812001.pdf. 2000
35. Coleman, E, Miner, M, Ohlerking, F, & Raymond, N. Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory: A preliminary study of reliability and validity. J Sex Marital Ther. 2001; 27(4): 325-332. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
36. Miner, MH, Coleman, E, Center, BA, Ross, M, & Rosser, BR. The Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory: Psychometric Properties. Archives of Sexual Behavior, in press. [PMC Free Fulltext]   
37. Faber, RJ & O'Guinn, TC. A clinical screener for compulsive buying. J Consumer Res. 1992; 19(3): 459-469. [DOI via Crossref]   
38. Zwick, WR & Velicer, WF. Comparison of five rules for determining the number of components to retain. Psychol Bulletin. 1986; 99: 432-442. [DOI via Crossref]   
39. Gunaratana, H. Mindfulness in plain english, 2nd ed. Somerville, MA:Wisdom Publications; 1994.
40. Goodman, A. Addiction: definition and implications. British J Addiction. 1990; 85: 1403-1408 [DOI via Crossref]   
41. Wegner, DM, Ansfield, ME, & Pilloff, D. The putt and the pendulum: Ironic effects of the mental control of action. Psychol Science. 1998; 9: 196-199. [DOI via Crossref]   
42. Horney, K. Neurosis and human growth. New York: Norton; 1950.
43. Ellis, A. Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Stuart; 1962.
44. Beck, AT. Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. Oxford, England: International Universities Press; 1976.
45. Marlatt, GA. Buddhist philosophy and the treatment of addictive behavior. Cog Behav Prac. 2002; 9(1): 44-49. [DOI via Crossref]   
46. Bodhi, B. The noble eightfold path: way to the end of suffering. Onalaska WA: Pariyatti Publishing; 2000.
47. Lacey, JH, & Evans, CD. The impulsivist: a multi-impulsive personality disorder. British J Addiction. 1986; 81(5): 641-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
48. Hollander, E, & Rosen, J. Impulsivity. J Psychopharm. 2000; 14(2,Suppl1): S39-S44. [Pubmed]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

A meta-analysis of the relationship between trait mindfulness and substance use behaviors
Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2014; (): .

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Web Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. www.scopemed.org/?mno= [Access: April 25, 2015]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. (2013), [cited April 25, 2015]; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Harvard Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Turabian Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. 2013. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Chicago Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2 (2013), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2.1 (2013), 1-7. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Submit your manuscript
Register
Abstracting & Indexing
Instructions for Authors
Editorial Board
Aims & Scope
About this Journal
Sign up for TOC

ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Marcello Spinella
Articles by Sara Martino
Articles by Christine Ferri
on IndexScholar Fulltext
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2795
Downloaded: 569
Cited: 1




 




» For Authors




Become Reviewer


» Login Area






Follow ScopeMed on Twitter

ScopeMed Home
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of SAGEYA Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® International Medical Journal Management and Indexing System.