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Journal of Behavioral Health
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ISSN: 2146-8346 (Print)
Language: [ English ]  
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  » Volume 3, Issue 3
      pp. 145-204
  » Volume 3, Issue 2
      pp. 81-144
  » Volume 3, Issue 1
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Open Access

Original Research



Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors

Marcello Spinella, Sara Martino, Christine Ferri.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
There has been increasing interest in mindfulness-based treatments for psychological illnesses, including substance abuse. Mindfulness involves intentionally directing attention to experiences in the present moment and observing them with a nonjudgmental attitude. This study examined the relationship between mindfulness and various addictive behaviors (i.e. alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, sex addiction, and compulsive buying) in a community sample. A short but comprehensive composite measure of mindfulness was constructed from previous valid measures, which retained good reliability and a five-factor structure. Two higher-order factors emerged: Attentive Acceptance (Nonjudging, Acting with Awareness) and Descriptive Observation (Describe, Observe, Nonreactivity). Inverse correlations emerged between the nonjudgmental attitude and alcohol abuse, pathological gambling, and sexual addiction, independent of demographic influences. Compulsive buying related inversely to acting with awareness. The findings of this study support the use of mindfulness as a treatment for substance abuse and suggest the possible usefulness for the treatment of other addictive behaviors.

Key words: mindfulness, Composite Mindfulness Questionnaire, compulsive gambling, alcohol abuse, sexual addiction, compulsive buying



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This Article Cited By the following articles

A meta-analysis of the relationship between trait mindfulness and substance use behaviors
Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2014; (): .

1
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Web Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. www.scopemed.org/?mno= [Access: October 21, 2014]. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Spinella M, Martino S, Ferri C. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health. (2013), [cited October 21, 2014]; 2(1): 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Harvard Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. J Behav Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Turabian Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. 2013. Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



Chicago Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2 (2013), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Spinella, Marcello, Sara Martino, and Christine Ferri. "Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors." Journal of Behavioral Health 2.1 (2013), 1-7. Print. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Spinella, M., Martino, S. & Ferri, C. (2013) Mindfulness and Addictive Behaviors. Journal of Behavioral Health, 2 (1), 1-7. doi:10.5455/jbh.20120908033138



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