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Med Arh. 2017; 71(2): 107-109


The Effect of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis on the Occurrence of Varicose Veins on Lower Extremities

Goran Talic; Luka Talic; Djurdjica Stevanovic-Papica; Tatjana Nozica-Radulovic; Snjezana Novakovic-Bursac.

Abstract
Introduction: Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional spine deformity with the frontal plane deflexion (side-shift) of the series of vertebra from the midline and with torque deformity of vertebra, ribs, and the entire trunk towards the apex of curve. Chronic venous diseases present a group of pathological conditions caused by the increased venous pressure. The venous pressure may be increased due to genetics, ligament laxity, general obesity, injuries, and changes in biomechanics of spine and lower extremities, etc. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of the varicose veins in women previously treated for the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Material and methods: In the period August 1, 2015 - December 30, 2015 the Team for scoliosis in the Institute for the Physical medicine and Rehabilitation „Dr Miroslav Zotović“ in Banja Luka in study program has clinically assessed 89 women previously treated for the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and the control group of 87 women without history of scoliosis. Results: Results of the study led to conclusion that occurrence of the varicose veins was more frequent in the group of women who were treated for the AIS (23/89 or 25.8%) in comparison with control group with no history of AIS (7/87 or 8.1%). Conclusion: This might relate AIS with some other connective tissue disorder , like venous varices, for instance.

Key words: adolescent idiopathic scoliosis;varices;veins;risk


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