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Med Arh. 2017; 71(2): 122-127


Factors Associated with Hemodialysis Machine Dependency

Maria Polikandrioti; Ioannis Koutelekos; Georgia Gerogianni; Spyridoula Stefanidou; Vasilis Kyriakopoulos; Eirini Floraki; Fotoula Babatsikou.

Abstract
Introduction : Hemodialysis is one of major stresses in patients’ daily lives since there is no other path for life maintenance but to accept the machine and its’ related rules. Purpose: of this study was to explore factors associated with dependency on dialysis machine as reported by the patients. Material and Methods: The sample of the study included 250 patients undergoing hemodialysis. For data collection a questionnaire specially designed for the needs of the research was used. More specifically, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as several other self-reported variables were collected. Results: Of the 250 participants, 53.2% was men while 65.2% was aged over 60 years. The study showed that 44% of the patients reported that their life depended very much on hemodialysis machine. Statistically significant association was observed between dependency on dialysis machine as reported by the patients and gender (p=0.030), education (p=0.022), job (p=0.001) and place of residence (p=0.001). Additionally, statistically significant association was observed between dependency on dialysis machine as reported by the patients and the degree of information about their problem (p=0.001) and whether patients reported adherence to treatment guidelines (p=0.001) or followed the proposed diet (p=0.001). Finally, statistically significant association was observed between dependency on dialysis machine as reported by the patients and relations with nursing staff (p=0.001), whether patients had noticed change in body image (p=0.001), whether they faced difficulties in social (p=0.001) and family environment (p=0.030), whether they hid their problem (p=0.006), whether they needed help in daily activities (p=0.001) and whether their lifestyle had changed (p=0.001). Conclusions: Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics as well as hemodialysis patients’ beliefs are associated with machine dependency. This study contributed in outlining factors affecting dependency on dialysis machine, thus reinforcing multidisciplinary health care teams to develop interventions in order to address hemodialysis patients’ needs.

Key words: hemodialysis;machine dependency;dependency related issues


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