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Med Arh. 2017; 71(2): 151-153


Bilateral Subcapital Femoral Neck Fracture in a 28 Year Old Postpartum Woman

Miroslav Kezunovic; Nikola Bulatovic; Vojin Kadic.

Abstract
Introduction: Subcapital femoral neck fractures are associated with high morbidity and mortality. These fractures mostly occur as a result of a high-force impact from traffic accidents and a fall from a great height, though non-traumatic forms are described in transient osteoporosis during the second half of pregnancy, in convulsions during electric shock, eclampsia, hypocalcemia, osteomalacia, renal osteodystrophy and myeloma. Case report: In this report we present a bilateral subcapital femoral neck fracture in a woman sustained two days after delivery. The right hip fracture was treated with fixation using three spongious screws without capsular decompression, while for the left hip a capsular decompression by open reduction and fixation was performed. Physical treatment based on active and passive movements was immediately initiated. The patient was able to rest upon her right leg within seven and upon the left leg within eight months. X-Rays showed the accurate position of fragments and implants throughout the recovery period. Twelve years later, the patient made a full recovery and the x-rays showed that both femoral heads are vital and fully recovered. Conclusion: Early anatomical reconstruction followed by internal fixation is crucial in the prevention of long-term complications. Complications of internal fixations include non-union (10-30%), avascular necrosis (15-33%), deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

Key words: Bilateral femoral neck fracture;early anatomical reconstruction


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