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Med Arh. 2017; 71(4): 293-295

A Rare Presentation of Cranial Polyneuropathy Without Rash Caused by Varicella Zoster Virus

Mehmet Tecellioglu; Suat Kamisli; Mehmet Fatih Erbay; Ozden Kamisli; Cemal Ozcan.

Introduction: Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) is associated with many disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems including neuralgia, meningitis, meningoencephalitis, cerebellitis, vasculopathy, myelopathy, Ramsay-Hunt syndrome, and polyneuritis cranialis. Cranial nerves V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, and/or XII may be affected. The neurological disorders caused by VZV usually present with rash, but may rarely present without rash. Case report: We herein present a case of polyneuritis cranialis without rash caused by VZV affecting cranial nerves VII, VIII, IX, and X. After excluding other causes of the condition, we diagnosed VZV infection based on VZV DNA in the CSF and an elevated anti-VZV IgG level in serum. The patient responded well to antiviral therapy. Conclusion: VZV infection should be kept in mind during the differential diagnosis of polyneuritis cranialis; it is important to note that VZV re-activation may occur without rash.

Key words: Varicella Zoster Virus;Cranial Polyneuropathy

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