The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) in Turkish children.
Our data was collected from the population and hospital based studies in Turkey between 1981 and 2012. We examined 12 studies reported from Turkey between these dates.
Between 1981-1990, 1991-2000, 2001-2012; 573, 1677, 1688 patients had been followed up, respectively. In these three periods of follow up time carditis was observed in (51, 62 and 71% of patients), arthritis in (67, 68, 56% of patients), Sydenham's chorea in (13, 13 and 13% of patients) and erythema marginatum in (2, 0.1, 1% of patients), respectively. Between 1981-1990, 1991-2000 and 2001-2012 the incidence of ARF was detected 1.1/100.000, 2.6/100.000 and 2.3/100.000, respectively.
While ARF incidence in Turkey had remained at a constant rate until 1980, a rapid decline occurred after this time, and this decline remained almost unchanged until 2012.
Acute rheumatic fever;Incidence;Prevalence;Turkey