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Prevalence of Asymptomatic Peripheral Vascular Disease Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

Surendra Kumar; Akhil Gupta; Vinod Aswal; Prabhu Dayal Barala.

Abstract
Background: Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is one of the significant Macrovascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus presenting commonly with symptoms of intermittent claudication, it is the leading cause for limb gangrene and hence amputation in diabetic patients, it is also accompanied by a high likelihood for symptomatic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, The routine PVD assessment in type 2 DM patients showing importance in the light of a long duration of asymptomatic period in the natural course of the disease
Aim: This study was done with the aim to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic PVD among Type 2 diabetes patients, so that by early recognition of PVD, related complications can be limited
Material and Method: Our study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, S.P. Medical College and Associated group of hospitals, Bikaner. A total of 108 type-2 DM cases who visited medical outdoor and those admitted in PBM hospital were selected for study after obtaining proper informed consent
Result and Conclusion: Prevalence of asymptomatic PVD (ABI < 0.9) is about 12% in our study. Thus a significant proportion of type 2 diabetic subjects are affected by PVD, and hence due importance to be given for active screening annually specially by ABI and prevention and management of complication among type 2 diabetes patients.

Key words: Peripheral Vascular Disease;Ankle Brachial Index;Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


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