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IJCRR. 2017; 9(18): 01-07


Information and Communication Technology Enabled and Assistive Devices Used by Differently Abled: A Detailed Analysis

Garima Mishra; U.V. Kiran.

Abstract
Aim: This study aims to assess the utilization of ICT enabled and assistive devices for differently abled and to assess the purpose of using various ICT and assistive devices by differently abled. Respondents were selected from three categories of the disability (visual impairment, hearing impairment and locomotor impairment) pursuing higher education courses.
Methodology: Multistage random sampling technique has been used for the selection of respondents. Fifty respondents were from visual impairment, forty respondents from hearing impairment and ninety were from the category of locomotor impairment to make a total of 180 respondents. Information was collected with the help of interview method using self made and standardized tool. With the help of developed tool, information was collected regarding uses of ICT and assistive devices and for what purpose they are using these devices. Data was coded, tabulated and analyzed using PAS software. ‘T’ test has been calculated to see the significant differences in the usage of ICT and assistive devices between male and female respondents. Descriptive statistics was calculated to know the number of respondents using particular devices.
Results and Discussion: Findings of this study revealed that highly significant differences in the usage of mobile phones, radio and DAISY books between male and female respondents and significant differences were found in usage of JAWS software, tape recorder and kurzweil reading machine among visually impaired. Results also highlighted that male respondents prefer to use mobile phones than female respondents among locomotor impaired.
Conclusion: In the line of above, the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) allow the removal of many of the remaining obstacle faced by differently abled persons.

Key words: Communication;Differently abled;disability;Impairment


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