Objective: This study aimed to explore the effect of lifestyle on body fat percentage and visceral fat in Indian women with above normal Body Mass Index.
Methods: Body fat percentage and visceral fat was measured using a body composition analyzer that works on the principle of bio-electrical impedance. Information on lifestyle was collected using a questionnaire and a 3 day dietary record. Indian women (n= 100) in the age group of 25 to 35 years and having a Body mass index above 24.9from various fitness centers in Bangalore were enrolled for this study.
Results: The mean body fat percentage of the study group was 41.4% (±4.61) and mean visceral fat was 8.26 (±2.08). This study shows that as calories increased there was a positively significant association with fat percentage and visceral fat. Body fat percentage and visceral fat was lower in those who exercised 3-5 times/week in comparison to those who exercised 0-3 times/week depicting an inverse association. This study also showed that subjects with sleep duration of 5-6 hours per day had a higher fat percentage than those who slept for 8-9hours per day.
Conclusion: The evidence from the present study indicates that increased physical activity, longer sleep duration and decreased calorie consumption can be recommended as a long term treatment for obesity management. Furthermore, longitudinal research could be done for in-depth understanding of the impact of lifestyle on body fat percentage and visceral fat in Indian women.
Body composition;Diet Intake;Dietary Assessment;Overweight;Obese