Background: The present study was undertaken to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of Aloe vera against side effect of antituberculosis drug. Material and methods: Twenty-five rats will be divided into five groups, namely the control group (without any treatment), the group of rats treated with anti-tuberculosis drugs, and a group of rats were treated antituberculosis drugs and got Aloe vera extract at a dose of 40; 80; and 120 mg/kg body weight. Antituberculosis drugs are isoniazid and rifampicin a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight. Results: Antituberculosis treated group showed significantly increase levels of TNF-a, the percentage of NK cells and the number of Th17 cells compared with the control group (p < 0.05). All doses of Aloe vera reduce levels of TNF-a compared with the antituberculosis group (p < 0.05), although it has not yet reached levels comparable to the control group (p > 0.05). Aloe vera at first and the third dose lower the number of NK cells compared to the antituberculosis group, although it has not yet reached a significant difference (p > 0.05). The first dose of Aloe vera was significantly decreased the percentage of Th17 cells compared to the antituberculosis drug group (p < 0.05), although it has not yet reached levels comparable to the control group (p > 0.05). Conclusions: It was concluded that administration of Aloe vera can suppress the production of TNF-a and the percentage of Th17 cells as a result of antituberculosis drug administration. Thus, Aloe vera can be a useful alternative to natural materials in the successful treatment of tuberculosis through the inhibition of side effect.
tuberculosis;liver damage;side effects;isoniazid;rifampicin