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Review Article



The Use of Aromatherapy in Patients with Pain: A Literature Review

Hatice ERDEM; Dilek SARI.

Abstract
Pain, which is referred as the oldest experience of the mankind, is a complicated and undesirable feeling. Affecting individuals physically, mentally and socially, it affects sleep patterns, social life, work efficiency and the quality of life adversely. Taking pain under control is extremely important for relaxing the individual and improving life quality. Pharmacological methods are widely used in pain control. Another method used for taking pain under control is non-pharmacological methods. Aromatherapy is among the non-pharmacological methods which could be directly and independently applied by nurses. Aromatherapy strengthens nursing care practices by providing the unification of science and art in nursing and ensures that the care given is more effective.
Aromatherapy is used in the treatment of depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, nausea and pain. This article was aimed to examine the results of studies on the use of aromatherapy in reducing pain. The population of the present study consisted of 48 studies published in the past 10 years which were reached as a result of the review of the data bases “Medline”, “Ebscohost”, “Pubmed”, “Science Direct”, “Google Scholar” and “Scopus” using the keywords “aromatherapy and pain” in April-May 2017. In the review, articles which were published in Turkish and English and had their full texts were chosen for examinations. 34 studies meeting the criteria of the present research comprised the study sample. When the results of the studies included in the review were examined, it was found that aromatherapy came out to be effective in reducing pain in 27 studies.

Key words: Pain;aromatherapy;nursing practices



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