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Research Article

EJCM. 2014; 2(2): 29-32


New type of pump for the heart-lung bypass system

Nodar Gabriel Khodeli; Otar Sergei Shengelia; Zurab Apollon Chkhaidze; Djumber David Partsakhashvili; Tornike Jemal Sologashvili.

Abstract
Objective: Complications arising from roller pump usage in modern heart-lung bypass (HLB) systems are widely known. Alternative to roller pumps has existed as various devices. This work is dedicated to developing new, considerably simpler and less expensive pump device for HLB systems, which provides maximally physiological pulsating blood flow.
Material and Method: We used pediatric cardiotomy reservoirs of HLB systems as blood chambers. Two such reservoirs were placed in front of the oxygenator, with their in-flow tubes connected to the venous blood tubes, and the outflow tubes – to the entry to the oxygenator. In each reservoir, 2 air outlets tubes were connected to pneumo-receivers of positive and negative pressure. We filled up one of the reservoirs whith closed of exit blood tube by creating negative pressure in it. Simultaneously, with closed entry blood tube of the second reservoir, we ejected blood from it by created positive pressure. Used external pulsator.
Results: In stand testing under re-circulation regime, productivity of the device was 12,5 liters/minute. Pressure on exit blood pump was within 0 to 300mm.Hg. The pump operating system enabled laminar, as well as pulsating flow of liquid, with frequency of 0-200 pulses/minute. Research is based on experiments conducted on 14 mongrel dogs weighing 20 kg. Standard methodology was used to cannulate Venae cavae and aorta, and to connect perfusion system to body. Duration of complete HLB reached 2 hours. Systolic pressure was maintained within 120-130mm.Hg.; diastolic – 70-80 mmHg. Velocity of blood flow in the aorta arc fluctuated within 950-1100 ml/min; in the femoral artery – within 60-80 ml/min.
Conclusion: Preliminary tests of the new pump indicate that its hemodynamic characteristics are maximally approximated to physiological ones. In comparison to modern machines, a perfusion system with new pump type has minimal volume of fill-up and does not damage formative elements of blood.

Key words: blood pump ; perfusion ; Pulsatille flow



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