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PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID): A CROSS SECTIONAL PROSPECTIVE STUDY AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

Shinde SA, Shinde US, Aher GS.

Abstract
Introduction : Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis. Objective: to find out the clinical profile of PID in a tertiary care centre. Methods: This was a cross sectional, descriptive study conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, during period from January to December2016. Total 200 patients complaining of lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge & having adnexal as well as cervical motion tenderness on bimanual examination between the age group of 18 -45 years were randomly selected for study. Parameters like age, parity, socio-economic status, age of marriage, sexual behavior, Presenting complaints and use of contraceptive were recorded. Results: Most common age group was 20-24 years (29.5%). Maximum number of cases was seen in parity between 2-5 (58%). PID was commonest amongst illiterate women (36%). Maximum number of cases was seen in women from lower socioeconomic class (74%). Out of 200 cases, 79% patients were married, 14 % were remarried. Presenting complaints were pain in abdomen (93.5%), per vaginal discharge (66%), fever (51%). Abdominal tenderness was seen in 95 % of cases. Palpable mass was present in 11 % of cases. Forniceal & cervical motion tenderness were the commonest Per Vaginal examination findings seen in 89% & 84% cases respectively. Conclusion: Incidence of PID was higher in age group between 20-29 years, multipara, women from lower socioeconomic class & illiterate women. Pain in lower abdomen, per vaginal discharge & fever were the commonest complaints. Most of the patients on examination had forniceal & cervical motion tenderness.

Key words: Clinical profile; Cross sectional & descriptive study; Multiparity; Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.



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