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Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Efficasy of Chronic HCV Infection Among Intravenous Drug Users in Tuzla Canton

Jasminka Petrovic; Nermin Salkic; Dilista Piljic; Sead Ahmetagic; Rahima Jahic; Humera Porobic; Arnela Smriko-Nuhanovic; Mevludin Hasanovic.

Abstract
Introduction: Chronic HCV infection is chronic inflamatory liver disease caused by hepatitis C virus. Anti HCV prevalence among intravenous drug users (IVDU) is very high and it accounts 40% -90% (60%-90%) with the risk of 80% of developing the chronic infection. Aim: The aims of this study were: a) to compare clinical characteristics of chronic HCV infection among IVDU and non-users population and to detect their impact to treatment outcome ; b) to investigate the treatment efficacy comparing sustained viral response (SVR) in these two populations in Tuzla Canton. Patients and methods: The study was retrospective-prospective and included 45 IVDU of both sexes from Tuzla Canton which were treated from chronic HCV infection with Pegilated interferon 2a/2b + ribavirin in the Clinic for Infectious Diseases and Clinic for Internal Disease of University Clinical Centre in Tuzla. The control group were presented by non-users who completed therapy in both Clinics. For statistical analyses it was used statistical package SPSS 20,0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL, USA) with tests of descriptive statistics with measures of central tendency and dispersion. Quantitative variables were tested by t-test or by Mann-Whitney test. Qualitative variables were tested by hi-square test or by Fisher´s test. The standard analyse of level´s risk was used too. The analyse of predictive value of EVR for achieving the ETR and SVR was done by cross-tabulation. The impact of known factors for achieving the SVR was evaluated by logistic regression analyses. All tests were done with statistical level of significance of 95% (p=0,05). Results: Men were more dominant in the test group (93,3% / 61,7%), also younger age (p

Key words: Keywords: chronic hepatitis C;drug users;treatment efficacy



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