Journal Management System
 
Home  |   Add your Journal  |   Features  |   Journal List
Author Login | Reviewer Login | Editor Login
Search  

Veterinary World
Periodical of Veterinary World
Journal Home Page
ISSN: 0972-8988 (Print)
ISSN: 2231-0916 (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
News / Announcements

  » Volume 6, Issue 9
      pp. 00-650
  » Volume 6, Issue 8
      pp. 461-585
  » Volume 6, Issue 7
      pp. 370-460
  » Volume 6, Issue 6
      pp. 285-369
  » Volume 6, Issue 5
      pp. 239-284
  » Volume 6, Issue 4
      pp. 180-238
  » Volume 6, Issue 3
      pp. 122-179
  » Volume 6, Issue 2
      pp. 64-121
  » Volume 6, Issue 1
      pp. 1-63

 

Open Access

Original Research



Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows

C. Mouffok, T. Madani, L. Smara, M. Baitiche, L. Allouche, F. Belkasmi.

Abstract
The objective of this study was to investigate through a nutritional and biochemical approach the variability of reproductive performance in dairy cows of semi arid area herds. Seventy four multiparous females reared in four farms were tracked from one month before calving to the third month postpartum. Information about reproductive events were taken once a month, and the body condition score evaluated on a 1 to 5 scale according to the EDMONSON method (1989). Blood samples were taken on a sample of 23 cows chosen according to body condition score before calving for biochemical analysis of energy, nitrogen and minerals parameters. Maximum concentrations depended to physiological stage. Blood glucose and calcium are stable at around 0.60g / l and 0.76 g / l respectively (p>0.05). Uremia (0.27g/l vs 0.16g/l) and triglycerides (0.74g/l vs 0.48g/l) are higher in the first month of lactation (p <0.05). Cholesterol (1.42g/l vs 1.03g/l) is higher in the 3rd month post-partum. The results show also that best performances are recorded in cows with BC before calving around 3 and 3.5 (p<0.05) and for those loosing less BC in the first months postpartum. The nutritional and metabolic profiles of females were used to characterize high female performance which has a reduces format and losses of BC in post-partum are minimal and late; They express the moderate concentration of glucose (0.60g / l), elevated cholesterol (> 1.20 g / l) and low triglycerides (about 0.60 g / l). Great format Cows with early and significant loss of BC after calving. They express a poor reproductive performance with high triglycerides concentration (1.02 g / l) in the 1st month of lactation.

Key words: Reproduction, Dairy cows, Body condition, Biochemical parameters, Semi arid.



REFERENCES
1. Banos, G., Brotherstone, S., Coffey, M.P (2004). Evaluation of body condition score measured throughout lactation as an indicator of fertility in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 87: 2669–2676.


2. Barton, B.A., Rosario, H A., Anderson, G.W., Grindle, B.P., Carroll D.J (1996). Effects of dietary crude protein, breed, parity, and health status on the fertility of dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 79: 2225-2236.


3. Baumgard, L.H., Odens, L.J., Kay, J.K., Rhoads, R.P., Vanbaale, M.J., Collier, R.J (2006). Does negative energy balance (NEBAL) limit milk synthesis in early lactation? 21st Annual Southwest Nutrition & Management Conference. February 23-24, 2006., Tempe, 181- 187.


4. Buckley, F., Mee, J., O'sullivan, K., Evans, R., Berry, D., Dillon, p (2003). Insemination factors affecting the conception rate in seasonal calving Holstein-Friesian cows. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 43: 543-555.


5. Butler, W.R (2000). Nutritional interactions with reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Anim Reprod Sci ; 60 :449–57.


6. Castaneda-Guti´errez, E., Pelton, S.H., Gilbert, R.O., Butler, W.R (2009). Effect of peripartum dietary energy supplementation of dairy cows on metabolites, liver function and reproductive variables. Anim Reprod Sci ; 112. 301–315


7. Cavestany, D., Vinoles, C., Crowe, M.A., La Manna, A., Mendoza, A (2009). Effect of prepartum diet on postpartum ovarian activity in Holstein cows in a pasture-based dairy system. Anim Reprod Sci; 114 1–13
[
DOI via Crossref]   

8. Chillard, Y., Bocquier, F., Doreau, M (1998). Digestive and metabolic adaptations of ruminants to undernutrition, and consequences on reproduction. Repro. Nutr. Dev, 38 : 131-152.


9. Edmonson, A.J., Lean, I.J., Weaver, L.D., Farver, T.,Webster, G (1989). A body condition scoring chart for holstein dairy cows. J Dairy Sci, 72: 68-78.


10. Elrod, C.C., Butler, W.R (1993). Reduction of fertolity and alteration of uterine pH in heivers fed excess ruminally degradable protein. J Anim Sci, 71 : 694-701.


11. Escobedo-Amezcua, F., Nuncio-Ochoa M, G.J., Herrera-Camacho, J., Gomez-Ramos, B., Segura-Correa, J.C., Gallegos-Sanchez, J (2010). effect of restricted suckling on body weight, body condition score and onset of postpartum ovarian activity in F1 cows under tropical conditions. J Anim Vet Adv. (9) 1: 79-84.


12. Fassi fihri, A., Lakhdissi, H., Derqaoui, L., Hajji, K.H,Naciri, M., Goumari, A (2005). Genetic and nongenetic effects on the number of ovarian follicles and oocyte yield and quality in the bovine local (Oulmes Zaer), exotic breeds and their crosses in Morocco. Afr. J.Biotech., 4 (1) : 9-13.


13. Gillund, P., Reksen, O., Grohn, Y.T., Karlberg, K (2001). Body condition related to ketosis and reproductive performance in Norwegian dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 84: 1390–1396.


14. Grimard, B., Humblot, P., Ponter, A.A., Chastant, S., Constant, F., Mialot, J.P (2003). Efficacité des traitements de synchronisation des chaleurs chez les bovins. INRA. Prod. Anim., 16 (3) : 211-227.


15. Jilek, F., Pytloun, P., Kubešova, M., Štipkova, M., Bouška, J.,Volek, J., Frelich, J., Rajmon, R (2008). Relationships among body condition score, milk yield and reproduction in Czech Fleckvieh cows. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 53, (9): 357–367


16. Jorritsma, R., Wensing, T., Kruip, T.A.M., Vos, P.L.A.M., Noordhuizen, J.P.T.M (2003). Metabolic changes in early lactation and impaired reproductive performance in dairy cows. Vet. Res. 34 : 11–26.


17. Khang'mate, A.B., Lahlou-kassi, A., Bakana, B.M., Kahungu M (2000). Performances de reproduction des bovins N'Dama dans le diocèse d'Idiofa au Congo. Revue Méd. Vét., 151, (6) : 511-516.


18. Kronfeld, D.S., Donoghue, S., Copp, R.L., Stearns, F.M., Engle, R.H (1982). nutritioal status of dairy cows indicated by analysis of blood. J Dairy Sci, 65 : 1925-1933.


19. Ling K., Jaakson H., Samarütel J., Leesmäe A., 2003. Metabolic status and body condition score of estonian holstein cows and their relation to some fertility parameters. Veterinarija Ir Zootechnika. T. 24 (46). 94-100.


20. Madani T., Mouffok C., (2008). production laitière et perfomances de reproduction des vaches Montbéliardes en région semi aride algérienne. Revue Elev. Méd. Vét. Pays trop, 61 (2) : 97-107.


21. Mouffok C., Madani T., Yekhlef H., (2007). variation saisonnière des perfomances de reproduction chez la vache Montbéliarde dans le semi aride Algérien. Renc. Rech. Rum, 14, 5-6 dec.


22. Pruitt D., (2001). Managing young cows. Proceedings; the range beef cow symposium XVII Dec 11, 12 and 13, Casper, Wyoming.


23. Pryce J E., Coffey M P., Brotherstone S., (2000). The genetic relationship between calving interval, body condition score and linear type and management traits in registered Holsteins. J Dairy Sci 83:2664–2671.


24. Pryce J E., Coffey M P., Simm G., (2001). The relationship between body condition score and reproductive performance. J. Dairy Sci. 84:1508–1515.


25. Reksen O., Tverdal A., Ropstad E., (1999). A comparative study of reproductive performance in organic and conventional dairy husbandry. J Dairy Sci 82:2605–2610.


26. Roche J F. (2006). The effect of nutritional management of the dairy cow on reproductive efficiency. Anim Reprod Sci 96;282–296.


27. Royal M D., Pryce J E., Woolliams J A., Flint A P F., (2002). The genetic relationship between commencement of luteal activity and calving interval, body condition score, production, and linear type traits in Holstein-Friesian dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 85:3071–3080.


28. Ruegg P L., Goodger W J., Holmberg C A., Weaver LD.,Huffman E M., (1992). Relation among body condition score, milk production, and serum urea nitrogen and cholesterol concentrations in high producing holstein cows in early lactation. Am J Vet Res, 53 : 5-9.


29. Short R E., Bellows R A., Staigmiller R B., Berardinelli J G., Custer E E., (1990). Physiological mechanisms controlling anestrus and fertility in postpartum beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci, 68 : 799-816.


30. Shrestha H K, Nakao T, Suzuki T, Akita M, Higaki T. (2005). Relationships between body condition score, body weight, and some nutritional parameters in plasma and resumption of ovarian cyclicity postpartum during pre-service period in high-producing dairy cows in a subtropical region in Japan. Theriogenology 64 (2005) 855–866


31. Sraïri M T., Baqasse M., (2000). Devenir, performances de production et de reproduction de génisses laitières frisonnes pie noires importées au Maroc. Livestock Research for Rural Development (12) 3.


32. Staples C R., Burke J M., Thatcher W W., (1998). Influence of supplemental fats on reproductive tissues and performance of lactating cows. J Dairy Sci 81:856–871.


33. Tillard E., Humblot P., Faye B., Lecomte P., Dohoo I., Bocquier F., (2007). precalving factors affecting conception risk in Holstein dairy cows in tropical conditions. Theriogenology. 68: 567-581.


34. Van Sanh M., Preston T R., Ly L V., (1997). Effects of restricted suckling versus artificial rearing on performance and fertility of crossbreed F1(Holstein Friesian x Local) cows and calves in Vietnam. Livestock Research for Rural Development (9) 4.


35. Veerkamp R F., Koenen E P C., De Jong G., (2001). Genetic correlations among body condition score, yield, and fertility in first-parity cows estimated by random regression models. J. Dairy Sci. 84:2327–2335.


36. Westwood C T., Lean I J., Garvin J K., (2002). Factors influencing fertility of Holstein dairy cows: a multivariate description. J. Dairy Sci. 85:3225–3237.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mouffok C, Madani T, Smara L, Baitiche M, Allouche L, Belkasmi F. Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Vet World. 2011; 4(10): 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Web Style

Mouffok C, Madani T, Smara L, Baitiche M, Allouche L, Belkasmi F. Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . www.scopemed.org/?mno=10664 [Access: October 30, 2014]. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mouffok C, Madani T, Smara L, Baitiche M, Allouche L, Belkasmi F. Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Vet World. 2011; 4(10): 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mouffok C, Madani T, Smara L, Baitiche M, Allouche L, Belkasmi F. Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Vet World. (2011), [cited October 30, 2014]; 4(10): 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Harvard Style

Mouffok, C., Madani, T., Smara, L., Baitiche, M., Allouche, L. & Belkasmi, F. (2011) Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Vet World, 4 (10), 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Turabian Style

Mouffok, C., T. Madani, L. Smara, M. Baitiche, L. Allouche, and F. Belkasmi. 2011. Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Veterinary World, 4 (10), 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Chicago Style

Mouffok, C., T. Madani, L. Smara, M. Baitiche, L. Allouche, and F. Belkasmi. "Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows ." Veterinary World 4 (2011), 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mouffok, C., T. Madani, L. Smara, M. Baitiche, L. Allouche, and F. Belkasmi. "Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows ." Veterinary World 4.10 (2011), 461-466. Print. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mouffok, C., Madani, T., Smara, L., Baitiche, M., Allouche, L. & Belkasmi, F. (2011) Relationship between body condition score, body weight, some nutritional metabolites changes in blood and reproduction in Algerian Montbeliad cows . Veterinary World, 4 (10), 461-466. doi:10.5455/vetworld.2011.461-466



Submit your manuscript
Register
Abstracting & Indexing
Instructions for Authors
Editorial Board
Aims & Scope
About this Journal
Sign up for TOC

ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by C. Mouffok
Articles by T. Madani
Articles by L. Smara
Articles by M. Baitiche
Articles by L. Allouche
Articles by F. Belkasmi
on IndexScholar Fulltext
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1940
Downloaded: 664
Cited: 0




 




» For Authors




Become Reviewer


» Login Area






Follow ScopeMed on Twitter

ScopeMed Home
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of SAGEYA Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® International Medical Journal Management and Indexing System.