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International Journal of Livestock Research
Periodical of Pashupati Foundation India
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ISSN: 2277-1964 (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
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Open Access

Original Research



Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition

Vishal Mudgal, Vishnu Kumar Gupta, Shalini Srivastava, Ajaz Ahmed Ganai.

Abstract
The present study was planned to determine serum micro-mineral status (iron, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt) in 50 anoestrus Murrah buffalo, Sahiwal and Crossbred cows and heifers. Serum micro-mineral contents were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Mean serum concentrations of iron, copper, zinc, manganese and cobalt taken from 14 Murrah buffalo cows and heifers were 2.82 ± 0.65, 0.48 ± 0.20, 2.65 ± 1.46, 0.24 ± 0.06 and 0.49 ± 0.24ppm, respectively. These mean values were 2.47 ± 1.35, 0.52 ± 0.16, 3.69 ± 2.57, 0.18 ± 0.09 and 0.56 ± 0.22ppm, respectively in 20 Sahiwal cow and heifers, while, 3.16 ± 1.05, 0.45 ± 0.13, 2.76 ± 1.51, 0.21 ± 0.07 and 0.51 ± 0.22ppm, respectively in 16 crossbred cow and heifers. Compared with normal range of these trace elements in healthy animals the level of copper was on a border way to show the signs of clinical deficiency symptoms, while the levels of other elements was in quite safe range to encounter any problem. It was concluded that deficiency of copper, could be responsible for anoestrus condition in these animals. Thus, to overcome the deficiency, strategic dietary supplementation of copper with better bioavailability could be a suitable approach.

Key words: Buffalo, Sahiwal, Crossbred, Cows, Heifers, Anoestrus, Serum, Trace elements.



How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mudgal V, Gupta VK, Srivastava S, Ganai AA. Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. Int. J. Livest. Res.. 2012; 2(1): 150-159.



Web Style

Mudgal V, Gupta VK, Srivastava S, Ganai AA. Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. www.scopemed.org/?mno=14151 [Access: October 21, 2014].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mudgal V, Gupta VK, Srivastava S, Ganai AA. Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. Int. J. Livest. Res.. 2012; 2(1): 150-159.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mudgal V, Gupta VK, Srivastava S, Ganai AA. Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. Int. J. Livest. Res.. (2012), [cited October 21, 2014]; 2(1): 150-159.



Harvard Style

Mudgal, V., Gupta, V. K., Srivastava, S. & Ganai, A. A. (2012) Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. Int. J. Livest. Res., 2 (1), 150-159.



Turabian Style

Mudgal, Vishal, Vishnu Kumar Gupta, Shalini Srivastava, and Ajaz Ahmed Ganai. 2012. Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. International Journal of Livestock Research, 2 (1), 150-159.



Chicago Style

Mudgal, Vishal, Vishnu Kumar Gupta, Shalini Srivastava, and Ajaz Ahmed Ganai. "Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition." International Journal of Livestock Research 2 (2012), 150-159.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mudgal, Vishal, Vishnu Kumar Gupta, Shalini Srivastava, and Ajaz Ahmed Ganai. "Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition." International Journal of Livestock Research 2.1 (2012), 150-159. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mudgal, V., Gupta, V. K., Srivastava, S. & Ganai, A. A. (2012) Serum Concentrations of Iron, Copper, Zinc, Manganese and Cobalt in Anoestrus Cattle and Buffaloes under Farm Condition. International Journal of Livestock Research, 2 (1), 150-159.



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