Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Case Report



A Case of Hypokalemia with Synthetic Cannabinoid Use

Bengur Taskiran; Ruya Mutluay.

Abstract
Synthetic cannabinoids cause a variety of central nervous symptoms, tachycardia and hypokalemia. We report a 27 old male patient was admitted to emergency room due to altered consciousness and vomiting. The patient declared that he smoked herbal incense named Bonzai. After a few hours he was found by his friends with impaired consciousness, no verbal response, and tonic seizure of upper extremities. He vomited once and denied intractable vomiting and diarrhea. His past medical history was nonsignificant and he was not taking any prescription drugs. Potassium (K+) and ethanol concentration was low at the time of admission (2.7 meq/l and 18 mg/dl, respectively). After infusion of 60 meq potassium chloride (KCl), repeat K+ value was 3.5 meq/l. Twenty four hours after admission K+ level dropped to 3.2 meq/l. Potassium level reached to normal value (5 meq/l) after 40 meq KCL infusion. He was discharged uneventfully. Hypokalemia due to synthetic cannabinoid usage may be due to a number of mechanisms including potassium loss via kidneys, potassium loss due to excessive sweating and diarrhea, and potassium shift into cells. Although our patient vomitted once, gastrointestinal loss may not be the sole explanation to hypokalemia. It must be kept in mind that there may be causes of hypokalemia other than vomiting in setting of synthetic cannabinoid use.

Key words: Hypokalemia;synthetic cannabinoid;vomiting



Share this Article


Advertisement
Progress in Orthopedic Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW




ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Article Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons