Home    eJManager.com Add Your Journal   |    Follow on Twitter

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Association of socioeconomic status with sex ratio at live birth in individuals living in the slums of Sholapur city, India

Anand S Ahankari, Andrew W Fogarty.

Abstract
Background: The existence of female feticide in India is well known. However, limited data are available on the association of socioeconomic status (SES) on sex ratio at live birth in disadvantaged populations, despite the fact that 33% of the population of India live on less than $1.25 per day.

Objective: To study the association of SES with sex ratio at live birth in individuals living in the slums of Sholapur city, India.

Materials and Methods: We used the data collected as a part of a social work intervention in the slums of Sholapur city, Maharashtra, from January 2007 to August 2011. Two measures of SES were used, location of birth (government hospital compared to private hospital) and eligibility for means-tested financial support after delivery.

Results: Data were available for 1391 infants. The infants born in government hospitals were more likely to be male compared to those born in private hospitals (sex ratio of 1.45 compared to 1.14, respectively, p = 0.03). Similarly, infants whose parents were eligible for post-delivery financial support had a trend to a higher sex ratio (1.47 compared to 1.18, p = 0.057). Maternal age was independently and inversely associated with sex ratio at live birth with a linear relation (OR per year increase in maternal age 0.96, 95% CI 0.931.00, p = 0.03).

Conclusion: In this particular population, two measures of less affluent SES were associated with higher sex ratio at live birth. However, care should be taken while generalizing these observations to other disadvantaged groups living in India, but this represents an area of research where more epidemiological work is required, as these differences perpetuated over generations may have substantial demographic consequences.

Key words: Socioeconomic status, sex ratio, female feticide, India


Full text links

Share this Article





ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
eJManager OJMS
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of eJManager LLC Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed International Medical Journal Management and Indexing System.
Scopemed Buttons