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Original Research

J Clin Exp Res. 2014; 2(2): 103-109


Drug utilization study in post-operative patients in obstetrics and gynecology ward of a tertiary care teaching hospital

Jitendra M. Agrawal, Nirav M. Patel, Hardik V. Vaniya, Hiren R. Trivedi, Jayesh D. Balat.

Abstract
Objective: This study was aimed to identify pattern of drug use in post-operative patients in obstetrics and gynecology department in tertiary care hospital attached with medical college. Materials and Methods: We collected data from 615 postoperative patients in the obstetrics and gynecology ward of a tertiary care hospital over a period of 15 months. We analyzed the data using various drug use indicators given by the WHO. Results: The average number of drugs per encounter was 10.56. Antacids, analgesics, antibiotics, intravenous fluids accounted for majority of the drugs prescribed. 100% of the encounters were prescribed with an antibiotic. The percentage of encounters with an injection prescribed was 88.13% in our study. Out of 27 different drugs prescribed, 23 (85.18%) were from the National list of essential drugs, India (2011) and 21 (77.77%) were prescribed by their generic name. Average drug cost per encounter in a postoperative patient in our study was 1084.49 INR. Conclusion: The present study provides valuable insight about the overall pattern of drug used in postoperative patients in the obstetrics and gynecology unit of a tertiary care hospital. It is intended to be a step in broader evaluation of safety and efficacy of drug prescription in surgical wards of a teaching hospital.

Key words: Drug utilization, obstetrics and gynecology


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