Home    eJManager.com Add Your Journal   |    Follow on Twitter   |    Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Article

J App Pharm Sci. 2015; 5(1): 019-022


Comparative antimycobacterial activity of some Indonesian medicinal plants against multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Maksum Radji, Marita Kurniati, Ariyani Kiranasari.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
This study has been carried out to compare antimycobacterial activity of five selected Indonesian endogenous medicinal plants of Andrographis paniculata, Annona muricata, Centella asiatica, Pluchea indica, and Rhoeo spathacea against clinical isolate of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The aqueous extracts of leaves of Andrographis paniculata, Annona muricata, Centella asiatica, Pluchea indica, and Rhoeo spathacea were obtained by maceration, and the phytochemical constituents of each extract were screened. Antimycobacterial activity of aqueous plant extracts were determined by proportion methods using Lowenstein Jensen (L-J) medium. Our study exhibited that all extracts of five selected plants showed inhibited activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain and multi drug resistant (MDR) strain. The proportion inhibition of aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata, Annona muricata, Centella asiatica, Pluchea indica, and Rhoeo spathacea, against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv strain were 100%, 82.1%, 78.5%, 100%, and 100% respectively, whereas against MDR strain were 93.7%, 50.0%, 50.0%, 100%, and 100% respectively. The phytochemical analysis showed that the extracts were predominantly contains flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, tannins and glycosides. Pluchea indica, and Rhoeo spathacea showed good antimycobacterial activity against MDR strains and could be useful as complementary alternative therapy in combating the emergence of MDR strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Key words: Keywords: Antimycobacterial activity, MDR tuberculosis, medicinal plants, Indonesia.


Full text links

Share this Article




ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
eJManager OJMS
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of eJManager LLC Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons