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TSK Koruyucu Hekimlik Bülteni
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin
Periodical of Gulhane Medical Faculty Dpt. of Public Health
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ISSN: 1303-734X (Print)
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Open Access

Original Research



A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria

Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe.

Abstract
Introduction: Fertility levels in many parts of the world continues to rise despite huge resources committed to fertility reduction programmes, with resultant effects on man and his environment. The objective of this study is to assess and compare marriage pattern as determinants of fertility among women living in rural and urban communities in south western Nigeria:
Methodology: Descriptive, cross sectional comparative study among 1024 women of reproductive age group in rural and urban communities using multistage sampling method. Research instrument used were pre-coded, pre-tested, semi structured interviewer administered questionnaires, and data analyzed using the SPSS software.
Results: Mean age at first marriage was 19.6 +3.3 years for rural women and 22.6 +3.9 years among urban women, and the mean difference was statistically significant(p=0.001). Polygamy featured more prominently in rural setting with 212 (41.5%) of respondents compared to 111(21.7%) of urban respondents. In rural setting, 9(27.2%) of respondents remarried among the divorced, separated and widowed (all combined) compared to 11 (32.4%) of same group of urban respondents, and bear children for the new husband in re-marriage.
Mean number of births per woman (index of total fertility rate) was 3.4+1.8 births per woman in rural, and 2.9+1.5 births per urban woman. Women with formal education in both settings had about a half (OR=0.59, 95% C.I=0.45-0.95 and p=0.001) fold fertility level and about one-eighth fold (OR=0.08, 95% C.I=0.06-0.12 and p=0.019) chance of having first marriage below 20 years compared to women with no formal education.
Conclusion: Fertility reduction programmes should remove socio cultural barriers influencing early marriage and indiscriminate remarriages in order to achieve her aims.

Key words: Fertility, marriage pattern, determinants, re-marriage



Güneybatı Nijerya’da Kadınlar Arasında Doğurganlığın Belirleyicisi Olarak Evlilik Örüntüsünün Bir İzlemi

Özet
AMAÇ: Doğurganlık düzeyleri, doğurganlığı azaltma programlarına devasa kaynaklar ayrılmasına rağmen insanın ve çevresinin üzerindeki etkilerle dünyanın pek çok yerinde yükselmeye devam etmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı Güneybatı Nijerya’da şehirde ve kırsalda yaşayan kadaınlar arasında doğurganlığın belirleyicisi olarak evlilik örüntüsünü değerlendirmek ve karşılaştırmaktır.
YÖNTEM: Bu araştırma, kentsel ve kırsal topluluklarda çok aşamalı örnekleme kullanılarak seçilmiş doğurganlık çağında 1024 kadında gerçekleştirilmiş bir tanımlayıcı, kesitsel ve karşılaştırmalı çalışmadır.
Kullanılan araştırma araçları ön denemesi yapılmış, yarı yapılandırılmış ve görüşmeci tarafında uygulanan soru formlarıdır. Veriler SPSS programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir.
BULGULAR: İlk evlilik yaşı kırlı kadınlarda 19,6±3,3 iken kenti kadınlarda 22,6±3,9 idi ve fark istatistiksel olarak anlamlıydı (p=0.001). Polygami kırlı kadınlar arasında %41,5 (212) ile %21,7 (111) olan kentli kadınlara göre oldukça yüksekti. Kırsal bölgede boşanmış, ayrılmış veya dul kalmış kadınların %27,3 (9)’ü, kentsel bölgede ise %32,4 (11)’ü yeniden evlenip yeni kocalarından çocuk sahibi olmuştu. Kadın başına doğum sayısı kırsal bölge kadınlarında 3,4±1,8 iken, kentli kadınlarda 2,9±1,5 idi. Doğurganlık sayısı formal eğitimi olan kadınlarda (her iki bölgede de) formal eğitim almayanların yaklaşık yarısıydı.
Yirmi yaş altında evlenme ihtimali formal eğitimi olan kadınlarda (her iki bölgede de) formal eğitim almayanların yaklaşık sekizde biriydi.
SONUÇ: Doğurganlığı azaltıcı programlar amaçlarına ulaşmak için erken evliliği ve gelişigüzel tekrar evlilikleri etkileyen sosyokültürel engelleri kaldırmalı engellemelidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Doğurganlık, Evlilik Örüntüsü, Belirleyiciler, Yeniden Evlenme



REFERENCES
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Adebimpe WO. A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2013; 12(2): 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



Web Style

Adebimpe WO. A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. www.scopemed.org/?mno=17186 [Access: October 24, 2014]. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Adebimpe WO. A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Prev Med Bull. 2013; 12(2): 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Adebimpe WO. A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Prev Med Bull. (2013), [cited October 24, 2014]; 12(2): 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



Harvard Style

Adebimpe, W. O. (2013) A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Prev Med Bull, 12 (2), 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



Turabian Style

Adebimpe, Wasiu Olalekan. 2013. A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 12 (2), 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



Chicago Style

Adebimpe, Wasiu Olalekan. "A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 12 (2013), 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Adebimpe, Wasiu Olalekan. "A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria." TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin 12.2 (2013), 143-150. Print. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Adebimpe, W. O. (2013) A Survey Of Marriage Pattern as Determinants of Fertility Among Women in Southwestern Nigeria. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 12 (2), 143-150. doi:10.5455/pmb.1-1331457510



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