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Original Research

IJHSR. 2014; 4(12): 100-105


A Study of Economic Dependency and Its Relation to Depression among Elderly People in Rural Area of Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh.

Sharvanan E Udayar, Devika P J, Rajesh Kumar Konduru, Santosh D Patil.

Abstract
Introduction: One of the main reasons for increased psychiatric disorders like depression among older people is the economic dependency apart from other social, cultural and organic causes. In old age person faces loss of income, retirement or failure in ventures and plans can lead to depression. This study was done to find the prevalence of economic dependency and its relation to depression among elder people in rural area.
Materials & Methods: A Cross sectional study was undertaken in the villages of V. kota mandal, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh. The Study duration was from Jan – June 2014. 48 among 60 villages which are covered under RHTC of PESIMSR, Kuppam were selected randomly and elderly people (60 yrs and above ) who are permanent residents were interviewed after obtaining written informed consent. A pretested questionnaire was used to collect socio demographic information. Geriatric Depression Score (GDS)-15 scale were used to assess depression. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software.
Results: A total of 532 elderly people were interviewed from 48 villages. 276 are males and 256 are females. With respect to economic dependence, 131(24.62%) were totally dependent and130 (24.43%) were partially dependent on family members or others. Among the 261 economically dependent 68% were depressed.
Conclusions: As the economic insecurity is one of the main reasons for psychological disorders like depression, the need of the hour is multipronged strategy not only in the form of assistance from the governments, but also in the form of creating awareness among caretakers about supportive care.

Key words: elderly, nutritional status, depression, MNA, GDS.



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