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Original Research

IJHSR. 2012; 1(2): 1-15

Prevalence of Hypertension Among Fisherman Community in The Island of Bengre, Mangalore

Shankarappa M Mudgal, Srinivas Kosgi, Vaishali N Hegde, Raghava Sharma, Satheesh Rao.

Hypertension is one of the major causes of disease and disability worldwide. It is associated with an increased risk of stroke and myocardial infarction etc.It is easy to detect by simple means, but most of them are unaware of their hypertension and had no treatment. In those on treatment, blood pressure control is unsatisfactory.
The factors affecting the prevalence of hypertension are many that including ethnicity, life style changes and diet. Epidemiological data shows variation in prevalence of hypertension. Some show an increase in blood pressure with age, while others show no significant increase. Present study examined 1016 (M: 500; F: 516) from local fisherman community in the age group of 20-70 years. Study showed 4.62% prevalence of hypertension (M: 4.40; F: 4.84) and 40% were aware of their hypertensive state. Only 4.2% were on regular treatment and the rest, noncompliant population had uncontrolled blood pressure. None had any idea about hypertensive related risk factors, symptoms, complications and preventive measures. Hypertension among fisherman community showed lower prevalence than compared to various prevalence studies in India.

Key words: Hypertension, Prevalence, Risk factors

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