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Review Article

IJHSR. 2015; 5(2): 374-380

Nutritional Intervention to Combat Malnutrition among Children under the Age of Five: A Review.

Priyanka Prasad, Anita Kochhar.

Malnutrition is the major health burden in developing countries. Protein energy malnutrition is the underlying cause for child morbidity and mortality. Apart from marasmus and kwashiorkor, the two forms of protein energy malnutrition, deficiencies of iron, iodine, vitamin A and zinc are also manifestations of malnutrition. Malnutrition is a silent killer. Early and timely detection of malnutrition is the key for its management. An intervention to prevent malnutrition includes promotion of breast-feeding exclusively for six months and further complemented with weaning or supplementary foods. Micronutrient deficiencies should be addressed through food based strategies such as dietary diversification through home gardens and small livestock and fortification of weaning or supplementary foods with micronutrient mixes. Promoting nutrition programmes targeting women and children can also help to combat menace of malnutrition. Control and prevention of malnutrition among children requires nutrition and health intervention and education and partnership between physician and dietitian.

Key words: Children, Developing countries, Micronutrient deficiency, Protein energy malnutrition

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