Background: Premedication in pediatric patient before induction of anaesthesia is of vital importance. Midazolam is a benzodiazepine which produces anxiolytic, amnestic, hypnotic and skeletal muscle relaxant effects. Objectives: To evaluate the safety, acceptability, level of sedation and ease of administration of midazolam by using oral and trans nasal route as a sedative premedication in paediatric patient. Materials and Methods: Sixty paediatric patients of ASA grade I or II, aged 2-10 years, undergoing elective surgery were randomly divided into two groups. Group I received oral syrup midazolam 0.5mg/kg and Group II received nasal spray midazolam 0.25mg/kg. Demographic profile, response to drug administration, level of sedation, separation from parents, venipuncture, induction and postoperative recovery scores were noted and statistically analyzed. Results: The study shows that children receiving oral midazolam has better acceptability (group I, 76.66%) than when administered through intranasal route (group II, 53.33%). Sedation score were better at 20 min. in intranasal group (3.06 versus 2.96) than oral group. Post anesthesia recovery scores were similar in both groups. Conclusion: On the basis of our study, we concluded that oral syrup midazolam has better acceptability while intranasal spray midazolam has slightly faster onset without prolonging recovery from anesthesia.
Intranasal spray midazolam, oral syrup midazolam, pediatric patients, preanaesthetic sedation