Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Review Article

Emir. J. Food Agric. 2014; 26(12): 1081-1090


The tolerance of Atriplex halimus L. to environmental stresses

David J. Walker, Stanley Lutts.

Abstract
Atriplex halimus L. (Amaranthaceae) (Mediterranean Saltbush) is a perennial, halophytic shrub that possesses the C4 photosynthetic anatomy and physiology. It grows under semi-arid and arid conditions (annual rainfall < 600 mm) from Macaronesia, through the Mediterranean basin countries and into western Asia, being particularly common on saline and degraded soils. Many studies have shed light on the physiological and biochemical mechanisms that, together with the morphological and anatomical features of this species, contribute to its notable tolerance of important abiotic stresses: salinity, drought, extreme temperatures and soil contamination by trace elements. These will be discussed here, highlighting their shared and distinct features. Certain processes are common to two or more stress responses: for example, vacuolar accumulation of sodium and the cytoplasmic accumulation of compatible osmolytes - part of the process of osmotic adjustment - are vital components of the adaptation to drought, salinity and cold. Others, such as oxalate accumulation upon trace elements exposure, seem to be stress-specific, while leaf surface vesiculated hairs (trichomes) and abscisic acid have distinct functions according to the stress. The relevance of these mechanisms to the use of A. halimus in soil remediation and as livestock forage is discussed.

Key words: Cold, Drought, Salinity, Stress, Trace elements



Share this Article


Advertisement
Progress in Orthopedic Science

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
BiblioCAM
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons