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The response of slow-growing chicks to the supplementations with different methionine levels and/or two types of enzymes

Youssef A. Attia, El-Shohat A. Qota, Abd E-Hamid E. Abd El- Hamid,Tarek A. Sadaka.

Abstract
In order to study productive performance and meat quality of slow-growing chicksused for rural poultry production in relation to methionine and enzyme supplementations, basaldiets were formulated to contain 0.32, 0.29 and 0.27% methionine levels from 1 to 42 d of age,43 to 84 d of age, and 85 to 98 d of age, respectively. These diets were supplemented with 0,0.06 and 0.12% of DL-methionine; thus, there were three methionine levels during each period.These levels were fed with or without 750 FTY of phytase-6 or one g/kg of multienzymes; thusthere were three methionine levels by three enzyme treatments in factorial design. Methioninelevels of 0.44, 0.41 and 0.33% significantly increased productive performance from 1 to 42, 43to 84 and 85 to 98 d of age, respectively. Phytase supplemented-basal diet and dietsupplemented with 0.06% methionine and phytase yield similar productive performance tothose of chicks fed diet supplemented with 0.06% and 0.12% methionine, respectively. Phytaseimproved significantly nutrient digestibilities, percentage dressed carcass and chest partscompared to the control and multienzymes groups. Increasing methionine levels by 0.06 and0.12% improved significantly percentage dressed carcass, chest and hind parts by 2.2 and 2.7,1.4% and 2.8 and 3.1 and 2.5%, respectively. However, the methionine level and/or type ofenzyme supplementations did not significantly affect metabolic profiles such as plasma totalprotein, albumen, globulin, total lipids and cholesterol.

Key words: Enzymes; meat quality; methionine; productive-performance; slow-growing chicks



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