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Original Research

Natl J Med Res. 2012; 2(1): 81-84


A STUDY ON CERVICAL PAP SMEAR EXAMINATION IN PATIENT LIVING WITH HIV

B M Jha, Mubin Patel, KomalPatel, Jitendra Patel.

Abstract
Background: Decline in morbidity & mortality due to cervical cancer in developed countries can be mainly attributed to early detection of precancerous & cancerous lesions due to extensive screening programmeof cervical Pap smear examination. HPV infection is a known etiological agent for cervical cancer. HIV infected women are at higher risk of contracting HPV infection due to immune compromised status.
Objective: Present study has been undertaken mainly to detect precancerous & cancerous lesions as well as inflammatory lesions in female patients living with HIV & to emphasize the fact that Pap smear examination should be established as a part of routine protocol for examination in these women.
Methods: The study was carried out on 407 HIV infected females attending Integrated Counseling &Testing Centre of government institute. As controls, 200 females (not falling under high risk category), attending the Obstetrics& Gynecology OPD with various gynecological complaints were taken & results were compared.
Results: Squamous cell abnormalities were found about four times high as compared to control group(Pvalue

Key words: HIV, Pap smear, patient living with HIV (PLWH)



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