Introduction: Dengue and Malaria pose a major health concern as separate infections but co-infection with dengue and malaria could pose a new challenge. Both Malaria and Dengue are vector borne illnesses being transmitted by mosquitoes which harbor the infective pathogen. Though co-infection with dengue and malaria are increasingly reported, there is still a lack in clinical suspicion, diagnosis and treating of concurrent Dengue and Malaria infection.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find out the prevalence of Dengue and Malaria co-infection, associated complications and impact on clinical severity.
Method: A Systematic Review was performed using clinical case reports, research articles, and conceptual literature published from 2005 to 2014. The articles were selected for the review with inclusion criteria including clinical case reports and research studies addressing concepts of Concurrent infection with Dengue and malaria. The sources of search included PubMed, Medline, and WHO website.
Conclusion: The review concluded that existing literature support that concurrent dengue and malaria infection is common and early diagnosis and treatment of which is essential to prevent complications like jaundice, hepatomegaly, anemia and thrombocytopenia. A strong clinical suspicion of diagnosis of concurrent dengue and malaria must arise in febrile patients in areas where both dengue and malaria are both endemic also people travelling to and from the endemic areas. There is also a need for further studies to find out the extent, clinical severity of concurrent infections and newer, faster diagnostic techniques to detect both the infections.
Co-infection, Malaria, Dengue, Tropical infection, Vector borne diseases