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EFFECTIVENESS OF MINDFULNESS BSED COGNITIVE THERAPY ON ANXIETY, STRESS AND DEPRESSION OF PREGNANT YOUTHS: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL

SEYED KHADIJEH SEYED MUSAVI, MOHAMMAD NARIMANI.

Abstract
Introduction: Pregnancy in adolescence could be risky and planning supportive
programs is critical for pregnant youths. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effectiveness
of cognitive therapy (based on mindfulness) on the reduction of anxiety, stress and depression
among pregnant woman younger than 20 years of age. Material and Methods: This study
employed pre-post-test method with control group. The study population included all pregnant
women of Ardebil who was below 20 years of age and who reported higher than normal level scores
in anxiety, stress or depression during 2013. The selected sample comprised 30 youth pregnant
females below 20 years age. They were selected by convenience method from health care centers
of Ardebil, and assigned randomly in control and experimental group. The data collected by
standard anxiety, stress and depression questionnaire and trait anxiety. The collected data analyzed
by Multiple Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Results: The result of MANOVA revealed that
mindfulness based cognitive therapy significantly is effective on stress [F (1,29) = 57.58 p <
.0005], anxiety [F (1,29) = 57.58 p < .0005 ] and depression [F (1,29) = 79.52 p < .0005] of
pregnant women who aged below 20 years. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study
and other relevant studies as pregnancy is a very sensitive stage of every woman’s life and they
need proper care. The authors suggest to future researchers to design and explore MBCT based
on pregnancy condition associated problems.

Key words: Teasdale cognitive therapy; Anxiety; Stress; Depression; Pregnancy



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