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The effect of birth fear on lactation, infant sucking ability and first breastfeeding results

Asuman Tatarlar, Merlinda Aluş Tokat.

Abstract
Objective: The impact of the fear experienced during vaginal birth on lactation, the baby's sucking behavior and first breastfeeding results.
Methods: It is a descriptive study. A total of 102 mother who gave birth in hospitals depended to health ministry participated. The Introduction characteristics form, The birth process evaluation form, Birth fear scale, Lactation, baby's sucking behavior and evaluating of the first breastfeeding results forms was used for data collection. For data analysis T test, Kruskal Wallis, Mann Whitney and Spearman correlation were used.
Results: The fear of mothers in active phase of birth was statistical higher than fear in latent phase of birth (73.84; 47.16; p=0.001). Mothers with higher fear in active phase, spend more time for placement the infant to the breast(p=0.001), infants were less willing to breastfeed (p=0.001), they did not catch areola properly (p=0.001), fail in attach to breast(p=0.001), there was no eye contact between infants and mothers and they did not hold their infants properly (p=0,001), the act of swallowing was slow (p=0.001), after breastfeeding, infants and mothers were more uneasy(p=0.001), they had more breastfeeding problems (p=0.001), and mother were more tense (p=0.001).
Conclusions: The birth fear especially in active phase negatively affect breastfeeding. According to this results health professionals should decrease mother’s birth fear by giving appropriately and adequate care before, during and after birth.

Key words: Vaginal birth, fear, breastfeeding,lactation.


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