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Review Article



Lactation consult

Hülya Özkara, Berna Eren Fidancı, Dilek Yıldız, Çağla Kaymakamgil.

Abstract
Breast milk is a natural food; all that is required for optimal growth and development of newborn, including fluids,energy and nutrients, bioavailability is high and easy to digest. Breast milk and breastfeeding for babies, as well as for the mother, including nutrition first, health, immunity, developmental, psychological, social and economic aspects are numerous benefits.
Breastfeeding is a codependent relationship. The infant’s ability to breastfeed affects the mother’s milk supply. Maternal problems affect the infant’s ability to receive adequate milk for growth. When real or potential problems are suspected, a lactation consult is required. To solve all the problems related to breastfeeding by experts specially trained in this regard in the literature is called "lactation consultation". Lactation consultants work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, doctors’ offices, clinics and community centers, and as independent consultants, helping breastfeeding mothers with the challenges of early breastfeeding and working to “protect, promote and support breastfeeding”. Studies have shown that appropriate breastfeeding counseling increases the rates of initiation and sustaining the breastfeeding. Breastfeeding duration rates are affected by the type of care families receive during prenatal and postpartum primary care office visits. Nurses make positive changes in behaviors of breastfeeding mothers during pregnancy, by using the education, caregiving and mentoring roles.
The training given to the mother by the nurse has a significant role in the to maintaining of breastfeeding, the prevention of breast complications and success of breastfeeding. Nurses should do breast examination to women during pregnancy and should show the nipple massage to pregnant women for baby's comfortable and easy nozzle to suck. In addition, information about breast care, supportive bras use, the benefits of breast milk and breastfeeding, breastfeeding techniques and the general principles of nutrition to lactating mothers should be provided. An effective counseling services to individuals is an important part of nursing care and the nurses

Key words: lactation, lactation consult, nursing


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