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Epidemiology and Prevalence of Posterior Uveitis in Shimla Hills.

Anubhav Chauhan, Kulbhushan Prakash Chaudhary, Gian Chand Rajput.

Abstract
AIM
To study the Epidemiology and Prevalence of Posterior Uveitis in Shimla Hills.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
It is a retro/prospective study of patients with retinal diseases attending the general ophthalmology clinic of a tertiary care facility at Shimla from August 2008 to April 2013.Out of 5600 subjects,4323 were taken as a sample. The data was taken from the hospital records and thereafter analyzed to determine their age, sex distribution and diagnosis. All patients underwent visual acuity, refraction, slit lamp examination and fundus evaluation.The diagnosis was confirmed from fundus clinic records and evaluation of fundus photographic records retro-prospectively.The photographs were taken on the fundus camera (KOWA’S FUNDUS CAMERA VX-10) and fundus fluorescein angoigraphy(FFA) done where ever indicated.

RESULTS
Amongst the 196 (4.54%) subject of Posterior Uveitis,Toxoplasmosis (TOXO-1.48%) was the most common while Acute Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy(AMPPE-0.02%) and Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome ( MEWDS-0.02%) were the least common disease.

CONCLUSION
Retinal disorders appear to be a major public health problem in India.The present study shall help us in planning the management of such disorders in the hilly state of Himachal Pradesh to reduce the visual morbidity arising out of such disorders.

Key words: himachal pradesh,retroprospective,uveitis


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