Comparison of Indispron® D110 and Decis® in the control of red mites (Dermanyssus gallinae) infestation in Specific Pathogens Free Birds in Vom, Nigeria
Goni Abraham Dogo, James Tanko, Rebecca Ari, Cecilia Kogi, Markus Biallah, Paul Davou Kaze, Hurbertus Kleeberg.
Abstract The main objective of this study was to compare the efficacies of Indispron® D110 and Decis® in the control of red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) infestation in a specific pathogen free birds reared for vaccine production in National Veterinary Research Institute (NVRI), Vom. A total of 360 birds comprising of 150 Harcowhite growers (Pen A); 110 old layers (Pen B) and 100 cockerels (Pen C) all 16 weeks old housed separately were used in this study. Two groups (Harcowhite and Old layers were sprayed with both insecticides according to manufacturer instructions for a period of 14 days while the Cockerels were left as control. Results in group 1 where Indispron® was used, showed a significant reductions (95%) in mite’s population after three days of spraying in the first week. There was a drastic reduction in the mite’s population as no clusters were seen and even the shanks were free of mite’s infestation three days after spraying in week two of treatment indicative of 100% effectiveness. In group 2 where Decis® was used, there was reduction in the number of mites (75%) efficacy, though few clusters were still seen in cracks on day three post treatment. On day five after the third spray there were no mites seen (100%) efficacy in week two post treatment compared with the control group still having clusters of D. gallinae in the crevices of the pen and the shanks still scaly. Indispron® D110 was found to be superior to Decis® in action and effectiveness against the red mite and is hereby recommended for an integrated ectoparasites control in poultry farms in Nigeria.
Key words: Comparison, Indispron® D110, Decis®, control, Dermanyssus gallinae, specific pathogen free birds, Nigeria.