Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access


Temperament and Character in Psychosomatic Disorders

Medine Yazıcı Güleç.

Personality plays an important role in the etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The studies investigating personality features with Temperament and Character Inventory according to psychobiological model is considered to have a major role in understanding the relationship between personality and psychosomatic disorders. We have done a database search in Pubmed and Turk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Directory) for the time period between 1991 and 2009 to determine and evaluate the articles conducted among somatization, dermatologic illness, headache, physical medicine, angina, irritable bowel syndrome and asthma patients using Temperament and Character Inventory. The most significant consistent result of these studies was elevated harm avoidance scores. Harm avoidance scores still remain high even after controlling for the effect of depression and anxiety. Thus this temperament dimension is possibly an important state and trait feature for development of psychosomatic illnesses. These findings also confirmed that serotonergic systems get involved in the process of psychosomatic organization. In many studies, the mean scores of self direction sub-dimension of Temperament and Character Inventory which has been considered as fundamental dimension to achieve mature personality, was found to be lower in psychosomatic patient groups than normal healthy control. Overall the research studies support the notion that course of the diseases clearly affect the personality features among these patients. Detailed evaluation of temperament and character profiles of psychosomatic patients would contribute much into understanding the etiology of these disorders.

Key words: Psychosomatic disorders, somatization, temperament and character

Share this Article

Journal of Molecular Pathophysiology


ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons