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Prevention of dengue virus infection: responses of stakeholders towards an improvement of public health advocacy program


Specifically for an integrated dengue vector management (IVM), the plan for program advocacy should cover five dimensions: setting for advocacy, community participation, rules and regulations; cooperation and coordination between health departments, non-governmental organizations and other volunteer organizations; cooperation in vector prevention strategy and technology; and evidence-based decision making and capacity building of authority, organizations, volunteers and households. The aim of this study was to identify the perceptions of health, and health-related stakeholders towards key elements of program advocacy for an IVM to prevent dengue virus infection. This cross-sectional study was conducted from June to August, 2014 in two townships of Mon State, Myanmar which experienced dengue outbreaks in past two years. Trained interviewers introduced the structured questionnaire to 123 stakeholders from the health and health-related sector. Data were then analyzed by SPSS version 17.0 statistical software. For an IVM, nearly 66% (81/123) of respondents realized that setting for advocacy, community participation, and regulations for the prevention of dengue vector breeding were essential. Only 61.8% of respondents perceived to encourage the formation of self-help groups for environmental sanitation as the most required component. The respondents expressed high scores for their ability to attain more attention from regional authorities through regular advocacy sessions (4.5 0.9). Nearly 81% of respondents realized good organizing skills as their most required competency for program advocacy. It is critical to reaching the common goal of active community engagement efforts for transmission risk reduction. Thus, stakeholders need to share the evidence-based information on dengue through well-planned advocacy sessions.

Key words: Integrated vector management, Program advocacy, dengue virus infection, health and health-related stakeholder groups, risk communication

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Journal of Interdisciplinary Histopathology


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