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Eliminating Filariafrom India- An Unfinished agenda: Reason for noncompliance towards Mass Drug Administration against Filaria in Uttar Pradesh, India

Shivendra Kumar Singh, Monica Agarwal, Uday Mohan, Pavan Pandey.

Objective:India announced to eliminate filaria by 2015.One hindrance in successfully implementation of Mass drug administration programme for filariais theproblem of non-compliance among the eligible population. Material & Methods:A cross sectional study was conducted in8 filaria endemicdistricts of Uttar Pradesh in the month of May and June 2014 to assess the coverage of MDA conducted earlier in 2014. A total of 960 houses from eight district were covered and the eligible population living in these household were interviewed with respect to various aspect of the MDA programme. Results:A total of 4,993 individual residing in 960 houses were interviewed. Of total 94.7 % of person were eligible for Mass drug administration for filaria. Among all those who were eligible for MDA only 3,271 where visited/contacted by drug distributor regarding MDA campaign and of these 3,271 person 822 (25.1 %) did not consumed drug even when the drug distributor contacted them.Conclusion:Noncompliance rate was high and coverage was much below the target and not sufficient to eliminate filarial from the surveyed region.

Key words: Filaria, Mass drug administration, Elimination, Non-compliance

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