Objectives: Dyslipidemia, as a major risk factor, is independently associated with cardiovascular diseases. There is paucity of data on the prevalence and distribution pattern of dyslipidemia in semi-urban communities, as most researches have focused on urban and rural areas. We aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution pattern of dyslipidemia in a semi-urban community in south western Nigeria.
Materials and methods: 100 apparently healthy adult Nigerians (52 males and 48 females) were involved in the study, with a mean age of 51.29 ± 9.79. 10mls of blood was drawn from each of the study participants and the serum was analyzed for fasting plasma glucose, lipid parameters (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL cholesterol) using standard methods.
Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in this study was 35%. Elevated total cholesterol was the commonest from of dyslipidemia observed in this study while, elevated triglycerides were the least observed. 54% of the population had a BMI greater than 25kg/m2 with just about 16% being obese. We also reported a mean BMI value of 25.53 ± 4.97. The study also showed a significant positive correlation of BMI with total cholesterol, LDL, TG, hypertension and age.
Conclusion: This study has demonstrated the prevalence of dyslipidemia, even in semi-urban Nigerian populations. There is also increasing prevalence of obesity/overweight which is strongly correlated with TC, TG, and LDL which may influence the rate of occurrence of hypertensive disease.
High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL), Triglycerides (TG), Total cholesterol (TC), Fasting blood Sugar (FBS), Body mass index (BMI), Dyslipidemia, semi urban Nigeria.