Home    eJManager.com Add Your Journal   |    Follow on Twitter   |    Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



PREVALENCE AND DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF DYSLIPIDEMIA IN A SEMI-URBAN COMMUNITY IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA

Ifeoluwa Silvanus Abiodun, Temitope Oyewole Olusanya, Oluwakemi Anike Ladipo, Aminat Oluwadamilola Oluberu.

Abstract
Objectives: Dyslipidemia, as a major risk factor, is independently associated with cardiovascular diseases. There is paucity of data on the prevalence and distribution pattern of dyslipidemia in semi-urban communities, as most researches have focused on urban and rural areas. We aimed to determine the prevalence and distribution pattern of dyslipidemia in a semi-urban community in south western Nigeria.
Materials and methods: 100 apparently healthy adult Nigerians (52 males and 48 females) were involved in the study, with a mean age of 51.29 ± 9.79. 10mls of blood was drawn from each of the study participants and the serum was analyzed for fasting plasma glucose, lipid parameters (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, Triglycerides, LDL cholesterol) using standard methods.
Results: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in this study was 35%. Elevated total cholesterol was the commonest from of dyslipidemia observed in this study while, elevated triglycerides were the least observed. 54% of the population had a BMI greater than 25kg/m2 with just about 16% being obese. We also reported a mean BMI value of 25.53 ± 4.97. The study also showed a significant positive correlation of BMI with total cholesterol, LDL, TG, hypertension and age.
Conclusion: This study has demonstrated the prevalence of dyslipidemia, even in semi-urban Nigerian populations. There is also increasing prevalence of obesity/overweight which is strongly correlated with TC, TG, and LDL which may influence the rate of occurrence of hypertensive disease.

Key words: High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL), Triglycerides (TG), Total cholesterol (TC), Fasting blood Sugar (FBS), Body mass index (BMI), Dyslipidemia, semi urban Nigeria.


Full text links

Share this Article




ScopeMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Article Tools
Job Opportunities/Service Offers
eJManager OJMS
eJPort Journal Hosting
About ScopeMed
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Suggest a Journal
Publisher Login
Contact Us

The articles in Scopemed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Service of eJManager LLC Publishing for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMedź Information Services.
Scopemed Buttons