Myocarditis after Diphtheria-Tetanus-Whole Cell Pertussis and Polio Vaccination: Case Report
Cemşit Karakurt*, Â GÃ¼lendam KoÃ§ak*, Â Ayşehan Akıncı**,Â Ãzlem Elkıran*.
Myocarditis is a process characterized by inflammatory infiltrate of the myocardium with necrosis and degeneration of myocytes. Although most cases of myocarditis are related to viral infections such as coxsakievirus B and echoviruses, immunization (vaccination) may induce myocarditis.
Cardiac complications after routine vaccination such as myocarditis, pericarditis are rarely seen. Myocarditis associated with diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis and polio vaccination is extremely rare in childhood.
In this report we described a-2-months old boy who developed myocarditis 3 days after diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis and polio vaccination. Patientâs clinical condition was improved but cardiac functions werenât changed despite the ibuprofen and steroid treatment.
Key Words: Myocarditis, Diphteria-Tetanus- Whole Cell Pertusis and Polio Vaccination