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Case Report

Ann Med Res. 2009; 16(1): 37-39

Myocarditis after Diphtheria-Tetanus-Whole Cell Pertussis and Polio Vaccination: Case Report

Cemşit Karakurt*,  Gülendam Koçak*,  Ayşehan Akıncı**,  Özlem Elkıran*



Myocarditis is a process characterized by inflammatory infiltrate of the myocardium with necrosis and degeneration of myocytes. Although most cases of myocarditis are related to viral infections such as coxsakievirus B and echoviruses, immunization (vaccination) may induce myocarditis.

Cardiac complications after routine vaccination such as myocarditis, pericarditis are rarely seen. Myocarditis associated with diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis and polio vaccination is extremely rare in childhood.

In this report we described a-2-months old boy who developed myocarditis 3 days after diphtheria-tetanus-whole cell pertussis and polio vaccination. Patient’s clinical condition was improved but cardiac functions weren’t changed despite the ibuprofen and steroid treatment.

Key Words: Myocarditis, Diphteria-Tetanus- Whole Cell Pertusis and Polio Vaccination

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