The Depression Prevalance and Related Factors In the Last-Phase High-School Students In the Centre of Malatya
Ãzlem Ãzfırat*, Erkan Pehlivan**, Filiz Ãiledağ Ãzdemir***.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between prevalance of depressive disorder symptoms and some sociodemographical variables in last-phase high-school students. This cross-sectional study enrolled 9042 last phase-high-school students having education in 2005-2006 educational years in the centre of Malatya. 1225 last-phase students attending general, vocational and science high schools were included using stratified cluster sampling method and a sixteen-question Boratav Depression Scale (BORDEPTA) was applied in the classes under supervision. 72.4% of the students participating in the study were general state high-school students. In 47.0 % of the students, depression symptoms were detected. When compared to male students (41.6%), depression symptoms were significantly prevalent in female students (53%) (OR=1.6; CI: 1.28-2.02). There was no relationship between depression symptoms and parentsâ educational status, family structure and having social insurance. According to the self statements of the students, the unsuccessful ones had depressive disorder symptoms by 3.08 fold (OR= 3.08; CI: 2.08-4.55) higher than very successful students and by one and half fold (OR=1.5; CI: 1.14-1.99) higher than moderately successful students. The students with prior mental disorders had 3.52 fold (OR=3.52; CI:.2.20-5.64) higher depression symptoms than the students without previous mental disorders. In conclusion, these students should be counseled about the psychological changes occurring in their adolescent period and an efficient guidance services should be provided.
Key Words: Depression, Adolescent, High School Student