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Review Article

Vet World. 2010; 3(11): 515-518


Use of medicinal plants to control Haemonchus contortus infection in small ruminants

Qadir Sawleha, A. K. Dixit, Pooja Dixit.

Cited by (5)

Abstract
Haemonchus contortus is singly the most important of all the gastrointestinal nematodes that constrain the survival and productivity of sheep and goats owned by rural poor farmers in the developing world. This haematophagus parasite is infamous throughout the humid tropics/subtropics, being responsible for acute disease outbreaks with high levels of mortalities, particularly in young animals. Costs associated with control of this parasite in India, have been estimated to be US$ 103 million. H. contortus is also prominent amongst the reports of anthelmintic resistance that has emerged in all countries of the world that produce small ruminants. This emergence of multiple anthelmintic resistances has provided a spur for research on alternative forms of control. Recent surveys in developing countries have identified many plants that are intended and have the potential to be used as anthelmintics. This paper reviews the use of some medicinal plants as anthelmintics against H. contortus infection in small ruminants.

Key words: Control, Gastro-intestinal parasitism, Haemonchus contortus, Medicinal plants, Small ruminants, Herbal antiparasitic, Ethnoveterinary


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