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Determination and management of cardiovascular disease risk on primary health care centers

Ayşe Dağıstan, Sebahat Gözüm.

Abstract
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are located at the beginning of the causes of morbidity and mortality in Turkey and in the World. CVD risk factors are determined and take the necessary precautions and control of the modifiable risk factors are very important in terms of the reduction in mortality. In order to be controlled modifiable risk factors the necessary lifestyle changes need to be made by individuals. Especially, it must be provided individual-specific risk assessment, the opportunistic and systematic screening of the CVD risk factors, consultancy on risky behaviors (diet, smoking, etc.) by Family Health Center’ staff. There are a lot of risk assessment systems to determine the level of individual CVD risk. Which is suited for use at Family Health Centers and one of the recommended risk assessment tools in national and international current guidelines is SCORE (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation). SCORE or other risk assessment tools should be used at family health centers which are the most significant way to reach individual and also individuals and society should be made counseling on a healthy diet, smoking cessation and physical activity.

Key words: Kardiovasküler Hastalık Riski, Birinci Basamak Sağlık Hizmetleri, Risk Değerlendirme


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