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Determination of Knowledge and Applications of workers Working Out in the Open About Skin Cancer

Sinem Dađ, Filiz Hisar.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Aim: This research was performed descriptively in order to determine the knowledge and applications of workers working out in the open about skin cancer and protection from skin cancer.
Method: The universe of the research is composed of 200 workers working in the open in Nicosia Turkish Municipality in Republic of Northern Cyprus. Sample selection was not made and whole universe was incorporated to the scope of the research. In the collection of the data, “individual descriptive properties questionnaire form” and “questionnaire form regarding protection from skin cancer and applications” were used. The assessment of the data was made by percentage distribution and chi-square test. Results: In the research it was determined that 43.2% of the workers are at an age interval of 35-44 and 59.9% are graduated from primary school. 28.6% of the workers have light skin color, 21.9% of the workers have colored eyes, 19,3% have sunspot and 15.6% have increasing number, color and size of moles. It was understood that 50.6% of the workers are exposed o sunlight 8 hours a day. (between 08:00 and 17:00) It was determined that 70.3% of the workers do not have any knowledge about skin cancer, 84.8% percent hat suitable and appropriate (long-thin, light-colored) did not wear clothes, 77.6% defined the suitable sunglasses and 91.7% were not using sunscreen. Conclusion: In light of these results, necessary education about skin cancer and protection from skin cancer should be given to the workers working out in the open.

Key words: Skin Cancer, Sun Protection, Public Health Nursing


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