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Original Research

IJAVMS. 2010; 4(1): 28-35


Dietary Pattern in Myopic Patients in High School Children of Lahore, Pakistan

Hira J. Butt, Imran Ahmad, Asad A. Khan.

Abstract
Purpose of this study was to check the significance of nutritional component (Vitamins, Protein, Iron, Calcium, Magnesium, and Phosphorous) in myopic and non myopic students. The study was conducted in the month of October 2008. This cross sectional study included 200 students. Visual acuity of all 200 students were recorded and questionnaire of all myopic and non myopic students was filled excluding students with other refractive errors and eye problems. Out of total 200 students included in study 105(52.5%) were male and 95(47.5%) were female.One hundred and nineteen,119, (59.5%) students were non-myopic and 81(40.5%) were myopes. Six nutritional components (calcium, protein, vitamin, iron, phosphorus and magnesium) were studied to check their significance in myopic and non- myopic students. Deficiency of protein, iron and phosphorous has significant association with myopia whereas that of vitamin, calcium and magnesium showed no significant association. Myopia has significant association with diet poor in iron, protein and phosphorus. There was no or little significant association of calcium, magnesium and vitamin with myopia.

Key words: nutritional component, Visual acuity, non myopic students


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