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National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine
Periodical of Dr.Pranav Shah
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ISSN: 2230-9969 (Print)
ISSN: 0975-9840 (Online)
Language: [ English ]  
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Open Access

Original Research



A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City

Dr. Harsha Mansukhbhai Solanki, Dr. Vibha Vinodkumar Gosalia, Dr. Harshad Mohanbhai Patel, Dr. Falguni Vora, Dr. Manindra Pratap Singh.

Abstract
Abstract: Background: Menstruation is a normal physiological phenomenon for females still it is associated with some degree of sufferings & embarrassment. In spite of relative openness in the society the menstrual hygienic practices have not changed much. Objectives: To study the menstrual pattern, disorders & hygiene practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. Materials & Method: Present cross-sectional study was conducted among 68 adolescents from Mrs. N.C.Gandhi & Mrs. B.V.Gandhi Mahila Arts & Commerce College, Bhavnagar city. Information was obtained in a self administered questionnaire in a local language related to menstruation after verbal consent. Once the girls have finished filling up the Performa, open discussion & health education was given to the adolescents regarding menstruation & myths related to it. Results: The mean age of menarche was 14.5. Most of the girls (85.3%) had the prior information about menstruation & the most common source of information was from family members (mother & sister) & least common was school teacher. The most common menstrual pattern was >30/3-5 days. Dysmenorrhea was the main menstrual problem reported by them (66.2 %). 66.2 % girls used old plain cloth as menstrual absorbent. Conclusion: Menstrual problems particularly dysmenorrhea is common among adolescent girls. In most of the girls’ menstrual hygiene practices found to be poor. So the teachers, family members, health educators & media play very important role in improving menstrual hygiene in adolescence, so there won’t be any misconception to adolescent girls regarding menstrual hygiene.

Key words: Adolescents, Menstruation, Education



REFERENCES
1. Shirur RR. Reproductive & Sexual Health Education for Adolescents Needs & Assessment. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House, 2000.
 
2. Singh MM, Devi R, Gupta SS. Awareness & health seeking behaviour of rural adolescent school girls on menstrual & reproductive health problems. Indian J Med Science, 1999; 53:439-43.http://www.indianjmedsci.org/text.asp?1999/53/10/439/12231)
 
3. Adolescent Girls in India - Choose a Better Future: An Impact Assessment. The Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA), September 2001.
 
4. Dongre AR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. The Impact of School Health Education Programme on Personal Hygience & Related Morbidities in Tribal School Children of Wardha District. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2006; 31(2): 81-82.
 
5. Dipali Nemade, Seema Anjenaya, Rupali Gujar. Impact of Health Education on Knowledge and Practices about Menstruation among Adolescent School Girls of Kalamboli, Navi-Mumbai. Health and Population: Perspectives and Issues, 2009; 32 (4): 167-175.
 
6. A Dasgupta & M Sarkar. Menstrual Hygiene: How Hygienic is the Adolescent Girl? Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2008; 33(2): 77-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.40872   [Pubmed]          [PMC Free Fulltext]    
 
7. Shabnam Omidvar, Khyrunnisa Begum. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health, 2010; 2(12): 411-423.
 
8. S.A. Rokade, A.K. Mane. A Study of age at Menarche, The Secular Trend and Factors associated with it. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology, 2009; 3(2).
 
9. Ruchi Juyal, S D Kandpal, Jayanti Semwal, K S Negi. Practices of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls in a district of Uttarakhand. Indian J of Community Health, 2012; 24 (2); 124-128.
 

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Solanki DHM, Gosalia DVV, Patel DHM, Vora DF, Singh DMP. A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. NJIRM. 0; 0(0): -.



Web Style

Solanki DHM, Gosalia DVV, Patel DHM, Vora DF, Singh DMP. A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. www.scopemed.org/?mno=23069 [Access: November 01, 2014].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Solanki DHM, Gosalia DVV, Patel DHM, Vora DF, Singh DMP. A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. NJIRM. 0; 0(0): -.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Solanki DHM, Gosalia DVV, Patel DHM, Vora DF, Singh DMP. A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. NJIRM. (0), [cited November 01, 2014]; 0(0): -.



Harvard Style

Solanki, D. H. M., Gosalia, D. V. V., Patel, D. H. M., Vora, D. F. & Singh, D. M. P. (0) A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. NJIRM, 0 (0), -.



Turabian Style

Solanki, Dr. Harsha Mansukhbhai, Dr. Vibha Vinodkumar Gosalia, Dr. Harshad Mohanbhai Patel, Dr. Falguni Vora, and Dr. Manindra Pratap Singh. 0. A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 0 (0), -.



Chicago Style

Solanki, Dr. Harsha Mansukhbhai, Dr. Vibha Vinodkumar Gosalia, Dr. Harshad Mohanbhai Patel, Dr. Falguni Vora, and Dr. Manindra Pratap Singh. "A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 0 (0), -.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Solanki, Dr. Harsha Mansukhbhai, Dr. Vibha Vinodkumar Gosalia, Dr. Harshad Mohanbhai Patel, Dr. Falguni Vora, and Dr. Manindra Pratap Singh. "A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City." National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine 0.0 (0), -. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Solanki, D. H. M., Gosalia, D. V. V., Patel, D. H. M., Vora, D. F. & Singh, D. M. P. (0) A Study of Menstrual Problems & Practices among Adolescent girls of Mahila College in Bhavnagar City. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 0 (0), -.



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