Objective: To determine the frequency of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in children with congenital talipes equino-varus (CTEV).
Methodology: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out on 144 patients in the Department of Orthopedics and Trauma, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan from June 2014 to May 2015. Children with CTEV of either gender of age less than 18 months were included. Patients of CTEV were evaluated clinically and then screened for DDH by radiographic examination. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17.
Results: A total of 144 patients with CTEV were divided into two groups according to age. Gender wise distribution showed 80 (55.6%) were male and 64 (44.6 %) female. Six (4.16%) patients had DDH; 4 (66.66%) were females and 2 (33.44%) male. Of 144 CTEV patients, right side was involved in 89 (61.8%) and left side in 55(38.2%) cases. DDH occurred in 4 (66.66%) patients on right side and 2 (33.44%) on left side.
Conclusion: If a patient was found to have an idiopathic CTEV, it is advisable to have a screening for DDH as well.
Congenital talipes equinovarus. developmental dysplasia of hip, club foot, congenital dislocation of hip