Objective: To find which anesthesia type is better in managing stress and sleep quality of laboring mothers in Korea.
Methodology: We surveyed pregnant women who were healthy, their first labor, under the age of 34, and delivering by elective cesarean section about their stress scale and sleep quality before the operation and 10 days after the operation. Sleep quality and stress scale were assessed by using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Fifty patients for elective cesarean section were divided into two groups; 25 patients had general anesthesia (group G) and 25 patients had spinal anesthesia (group S).
Results: Both pre and postoperative mothers had no significant different scale of sleeping quality and stress regardless of the types of anesthesia (general or spinal) regardless of the time (timing) of cesarean section (P >0.05). Still, mothers had a sleeping problem and stress.
Conclusion: No correlation about sleep quality and stress scale between two anesthetic types was found. However, preoperative and postoperative laboring mothers in both groups had slight sleeping problems and stress.
Cesarean section, general anesthesia, psychological stress, sleep, spinal anesthesia.