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Original Article

J App Pharm Sci. 2017; 7(1): 073-085

Spectroscopic and chromatographic exploration of different phytochemical and mineral contents from Syzygium alternifolim (Wt.) Walp. an endemic, endangered medicinal tree taxon.

Pulicherla Yugandhar, Nataru Savithramma.

The present study is aimed to explore different phytochemical and mineral contents in endemic medicinal plant- Syzygium alternifolium. Different spectroscopic (UV-Vis, FT-IR, ICP-OES) and chromatographic techniques (GC-MS) are used to identify versatile phytochemical and mineral contents in different parts of S. alternifolium by qualitative and quantitative means. For qualitative phytochemical screening a total of 16 types of different primary and secondary metabolites are extracted in 07 different solvents, among them 15 types of metabolites out of 16 are identified in methanol extract. In quantitative analysis higher quantities of sugar i.e., 45.2 mg/g among primary metabolites of fruit and 451.20 mg/g of phenols among secondary metabolites from stem bark are quantified. FT-IR and GC-MS analysis of methanol extracts of plant reveals different functional groups and phytochemical compounds. In addition to these, mineral analysis through ICP-OES shows higher quantities of Potassium (43.60 mg/L) in fruit, Iron (2.186 mg/L) in stem bark among macro and micro elements respectively. The results of the present study reveal, S. alternifolium is potential source towards number of phytochemicals and different types of mineral contents. Hence, it becomes a treasure house for pharmaceutical as well as nutraceutical companies for preparation novel products.

Key words: Syzygium alternifolium, phytochemical screening, phytochemical compounds, mineral contents

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